|Breeder Background Check|
|Research and background check completed. All information obtained indicates this breeder to have ethical breeding practices, goes the distance performing health testing prior to breeding, and gives puppy buyers the best possible chance of receiving a healthy puppy through adulthood they desire.|
Lovelands Best Pugs
Lengthy Report Notice:
This report is approximately 60 pages in length. We have placed the most import information as close to the top as possible. We would encourage the reader to review the entire report when time permits. In the meantime, you may either scroll through the report or use the links in the Table of Contents by clicking on the desired section you wish to read. Also, you will notice we have placed "Stop Lights" throughout the report as a visual indication of our valuation of specific items of concern.
Table of Content
|Use the links below to go to the associated area of the report.|
|Assumptions and Limiting Conditions|| Grand Total All Litters
|Report Assignment||Breed Testing|
|Certification||Breed/Breeder Comparisons on Vital Statistics|
|Breed Standard||Breed Health Tests Statistics|
|Dog Breeding Misconceptions||Breeding Observations|
|Breed Testing Information||Contract Analysis|
|Required Tests for This Breed||Final Conclusions|
|Kennel Information||Sample Contract|
|Breeding History||Sample Buyer Questionnaire|
|Point Calculation Method||Topics and Questions You Should Ask Your Breeder|
|First Litter Information||Ethical Breeding Considerations and Score|
|First Litter Comments||Specific Tests Information|
|Most Recent Litter Information|
|Most Recent Litter Comments|
Letter of Transmittal
123 Your Street
Your City, NY 12345
Dear Mr Smith,
Pursuant to your request ResearchBreeder.com has completed an analysis of XYZ Pugs. Our analysis included a review of data related to this kennel, computer analysis of health tests and results of those tests available from this breeder, a review of all available breeder documents supporting the ethics of the breeder and if possible contacting individuals and other sources of data to assist in the process. This breeder scored 150 points out of 650 points on the ResearchBreeder.com Ethics Review Positive Attributes. The breeder scored 0 points on the Negative Attributes. The total net points for this breeder is 150.Research and background check completed. All information obtained indicates this breeder to have ethical breeding practices, goes the distance performing health testing prior to breeding, and gives puppy buyers the best possible chance of receiving a healthy puppy through adulthood they desire.
Documentation of results and opinion below.
before this kennel report can be conveyed by anyone to the public through advertising, public relations, news, sales, or other media.
|ResearchBreeder.com has been requested to research the kennel and breeder to determine the quality of the animals produced to assist the client in their determination to obtain a puppy from said kennel/breeder.|
ResearchBreeder.com certifies that, to the best of our knowledge and belief:
There are several misconceptions found in the canine world as related to breeding.
Although one might think the American Kennel Club (AKC) would require breeder members to do health tests of all male and female dogs used in the breeding process, they do not. Further, the AKC does not require national breed clubs to do testing as a qualification of membership.
|ResearchBreeder.com has an extensive database of dogs and the tests given to those dogs. Every breed has a list of tests which are considered to be prerequisites to breeding as well as other tests which are recommended to assist owners and potential purchasers in their decision making process. ResearchBreeder.com has developed a method of evaluating dog breeds by tracking tests done by breeders, the results of those tests and rating the dogs, litters, and breeders are based on a point system. Breeders can then be evaluated based on how they compare to other breeders of the same breed. Presently RBC has over 6,000 Irish setters on file with over 10,500 tests completed.|
|Kennel Name||XYZ Pugs|
|Breeder Name||Lovelands Best Pugs|
123 A Street
Kennel City, IA 12345
|Breeding Start Date||2005-04-01|
|First Confirmed Breeding||2005-04-27||Most Recent Confirmed Breeding||2016-09-13|
|Estimated Total Puppies||120||Confirmed Puppies||44|
|Dogs on File||33||Dogs with Tests||33|
|Number of Tests Completed||115||Required Tests Completed||80|
|Males Tested||16||Females Tested||17|
|Males with CHIC Clearances||4||Females with CHIC Clearances||3|
|Registration Number||TR123456||First Litter Date||2005-04-27|
|Males on File||0||Females on File||1|
|Males Tested||0||Females Tested||1|
|Average Points Per Male||0||Average Points Per Female||2.0000|
|Male CHIC Clearances||0||Female CHIC Clearances||0|
|Required Tests Completed||0||Required Tests Test Points||0||Required Tests Results Points||0||Required Tests Total Points||0|
|Optional Tests Completed||1||Optional Tests Test Points||1||Optional Tests Results Points||1||Optional Tests Total Points||2|
|Litter Total Test Points||1||Litter Total Results Points||1||Total CHIC Points||0||Total Failed Tests||0|
|There were at least four dogs in this litter but only one female was tested.|
|Registration Number||TS543210||Recent Litter Date||2016-06-23|
|Males on File||0||Females on File||1|
|Males Tested||0||Females Tested||1|
|Average Points Per Male||0||Average Points Per Female||6.0000|
|Male CHIC Clearances||0||Female CHIC Clearances||0|
|Required Tests Completed||1||Required Tests Test Points||1||Required Tests Results Points||2||Required Tests Total Points||3|
|Optional Tests Completed||1||Optional Tests Test Points||1||Optional Tests Results Points||2||Optional Tests Total Points||3|
|Litter Total Test Points||2||Litter Total Results Points||4||Total CHIC Points||0||Total Failed Tests||0|
|Very recent litter. Not all required tests are completed however it is too early to administer the hip dysplasia test.|
|Males on File||16||Females on File||17|
|Males Tested||16||Females Tested||17|
|Average Points Per Male||11.125||Average Points Per Female||8.2941|
|Male CHIC Clearances||4||Female CHIC Clearances||3||Total CHIC Clearances||7|
|Required Tests Completed||80||Required Tests Test Points||80||Required Tests Results Points||80||Required Tests Total Points||220|
|Optional Tests Completed||35||Optional Tests Test Points||
|Optional Tests Results Points||64||Optional Tests Total Points||99|
|Total Test Points||115||Total Results Points||204||Total CHIC Points||140||Total Failed Tests||0|
|Males Tested||Females Tested||Total Tested|
|Total Animals Tested||Total Points for Taking Tests||Total Results Points||Grand Total Required Testing Points|
|Total Animals Tested||Total Points for Taking Tests||Total Results Points||Grand Total Optional Testing Points|
The Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) awards a certification to all dogs taking, passing, and maintaining Certification. ResearchBreeder.com ONLY maintains a list of animals which have taken and passed the required tests for the certification. Current certification numbers are not maintained.
|CHIC Cleared Males||CHIC Cleared Females||CHIC Cleared Total||CHIC Points|
|Grand Total Points for Taking Required and Optional Tests||Grand Total Results Points||CHIC Points||Grand Total Points|
|Compared to All Breeds On File||Compared to Breeds Within Group (Sporting)||Canine Health Information Center (CHIC)|
This information is extremely important to you because it tells you how this breeder compares to the breed as a whole. The information on thousands of dogs allows for excellent comparisons. A difference of 1.000 point is huge. If you see all findings suggest "Caution" then be careful. Of course a lot of "Red" means STOP because this breeder is far below the standards set by other breeders in this breed. Green means GO and if you see a lot of GREEN then you can be comfortable with the ability of the breeder to produce heal;thy animals. Don't make your final decision here. You also need to review the "Ethical Breeding Practices" below before you make up your mind.
|Comparison||Total For Breed||This Breeder||Stop-Caution-Go|
|1. Average Points Per Animal Overall||5.0747||9.6667|
|2. Average Points per Male||5.0000||11.12|
|3. Average Points per Female||5.1325||8.2941|
|4. Percent of Dogs On File With CHIC Clearances||5.2941||21.21|
|5. Average Hip Dysplasia Points||2.6392||2.0666|
|6. Average Petella Luxation Points||2.9789||2.9655|
|7. Average NME Points||2.7716||2.9655|
|8. Average Eye Exam Points||2.2811||2.6923|
|9. Required Test Maximum 11 pts/Dog||363||319|
|Required||No. of Tests||Test Name||Test Points||Result Points||Total Points|
|N||31||PYRUVATE KINASE DEFICIENCY||31||62||93|
|N||1||BAER HEARING TEST||1||2||3|
|N||1||PRIMARY LENS LUXATION||1||1||2|
|This breeder has a 21.2 % CHIC rating which is very good. The average number of litters per year is 1.66.|
|No contract available|
| Our background check into this kennel revealed some very interesting things, especially their scoring on ratios of their kennel compared to the breed. Their scores on these comparisons demonstrate their work to improve their breed. When you are comparing these values one must consider thousands of dogs make up the breed ratios and they are compared to one breeder and even a small difference shows a lot of work. XYZ Pugs scored 9.7 which is almost 100% higher than the breed at 5.0.
The Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) awards certification to dogs which have passed all required tests for the specific breed.This breeder has a CHIC ratio of 21.21 percent which four times that of the breed. Once again this breeder demonstrates the importance of health is to their breeding program. XYX dogs passed all of these tests.
While ResearchBreeder.com recommends a visual inspection of the documents related to health tests it is obvious this breeder puts health first.
it is also important to note this breeder was not aware of the ResearchBreeder.com's list of ethical breeding practices related to their website. We are confident they will begin making changes which will dramatically increase their ethical breeding score.
Puppy buyers should always do their research but XYZ Pugs is a good place to start.
It is important for the breeder to be completely transparent in their marketing program for their kennel. This includes their website and the information they provide to potential purchasers of their puppies. All kennels should have an up-to-date website. Remember, if a breeder doesn't have a website and doesn't keep it up to date, they are demonstrating their lack of transparency to you, the buyer. In addition an ethical breeder should be able to demonstrate good business practices, adequate record keeping systems which not only track the information on the litters they produce, but also allows them to track purchasers and stay in touch with the purchasers of their puppies. The following chart contains a list of ethical breeding practices ResearchBreeder.com believes ALL kennels and breeders should have a part of their kennel and breeding programs. ResearchBreeder.com has assigned a point value to each item. A perfect score is 650 points. ResearchBreeder.com considers items 13-17 extremely unethical practices and has assigned severe deductions for the breeder having done so.
|Practice Number||Ethical Breeding Practice||Stop-Caution-Go||Points|
|1||If the kennel has a website, what is the URL?||50|
|2||Does the breeder post a copy of their purchase contract on their website?||50|
|3||Does the breeder post a copy of their buyer questionnaire on their website?||50|
|4||Does the breeder post a list of the required health tests for the breed you are purchasing on their website?||0|
|5||Does the breeder post their "Return Dogs That Fail Tests" policy on their website?||0|
|6||Does the breeder post their "First Right of Refusal" policy on their website?||0|
|7||Does the breeder post their "Show Stock Health Test" policy on their website?||0|
|8||Does the breeder have a "Kennel Visitation" policy on their website?||0|
|9||Does the breeder have an "Ethical Breeder" page on their website?||0|
|10||Does the breeder have a record keeping system and will they show a buyer how their system works?||0|
|11||Does the breeder have a "Puppy Buyer" database and stay in touch with their puppy buyers or use RBC online database?||0|
|12||Does the breeder have an Ethical Breeder Oath on File?||0|
|13||Does the breeder microchip all of their puppies prior to selling them?||0|
The list of unethical breeding practices below will create negative points if the answer to any question is yes. Therefore "0" points is a "Good" score and will generate a GREEN light.
|Practice Number||Un-Ethical Breeding Practice||Stop-Caution-Go||Points|
|14||Has the breeder ever bred a dog without having completed the required tests for the breed? (-100)||0|
|15||Same as 14 more than once? (-200)=||0|
|16||Has the breeder ever bred or allowed a dog (female) they sold to another breeder to be bred more than three times? (-100)||0|
|17||Same as above but more than one dog (female). (-200)||0|
|18|| Same as above a third time? (-400)
|Positive Attributes Total Possible||Positive Attributes Actual Points||Ratio||Stop-Caution-Go|
|Negative Attributes Total Possible||Negative Attributes Actual Points||Ratio||Stop-Caution-Go|
|Grand Total Ethical Breeding Points||Rating||Stop-Caution-Go|
A breed standard is a set of guidelines covering specific externally observable qualities such as appearance, movement, and temperament for that dog breed. Breed standards are not scientific documents, but are written for each breed by clubs of hobbyists called breed clubs for their own specific requirements. Details and definitions within breed standards for a specific dog breed may vary from breed club to breed club and from country to country. Dog breed standards are similar in form and function to breed standards for other domesticated animals.
The ''breed standard'' for each breed of dog is distinct, giving a detailed "word picture of the appearance and behavior of an ''idealized'' dog of that breed. Included in the breed standard description are externally observable aspects of appearance and behavior that are considered by the breed club to be the most important for the breed, and externally observable details of appearance or temperament that are considered by the breed club to be unacceptable. In addition most breed standards include an historical section, describing the place of origin and the original work done by the breed or its ancestor.
However, breed standards do not include testing requirements for health, requirements for genetic testing, or requirements for specific types of training or work; breed standards are only intended to ''describe'' the breed's ''externally observable'' qualities. Breed clubs often make other requirements for health testing or work testing, but these are not covered in the breed standard itself.
Formats and Details
Each recognized breed of dog has a written standard, many of which have been developed and slowly changed over the last few hundred years. Some breeds were described by fanciers in a written breed standard in order to provide guidelines for breeders participating in the sport of conformation.
In ''breed standards'', the term ''fault'' does not imply that a dog with a fault cannot be a good companion; it is merely an indication that dogs with faults should not be chosen for breeding unless the dog has desirable qualities that outweigh the fault. Faults may be minor, such as a color the breed club has decided is undesirable, or the fault may be major, such as structural problems that would prevent the dog from doing the work for which it was bred. Fault is used to describe an aspect of appearance or temperament that is considered by the breed club to be detrimental to the type of the breed.
Not Covered by Breed Standards
"Breed standards'' only cover externally observable characteristics of the dog, and even their breed clubs can be very contentious about the exact definition of details. The breed club for each breed may set additional requirements, ones covering qualities not covered by the breed standard, such as rules and guidelines for health testing and work testing. However, since breeders are free to leave and join (or form) another club if the breed club's requirements for breeding become too troublesome to them, there is no effective control over health and working qualities that are not described in the breed standard.
Official Standard of the Pug
Symmetry and general appearance are decidedly square and cobby. A lean, leggy Pug and a dog with short legs and a long body are equally objectionable.
Size, Proportion, Substance
The Pug should be multum in parvo, and this condensation (if the word may be used) is shown by compactness of form, well knit proportions, and hardness of developed muscle. Weight from 14 to 18 pounds (dog or bitch) desirable. Proportion square.
The head is large, massive, round - not apple-headed, with no indentation of the skull. The eyes are dark in color, very large, bold and prominent, globular in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very lustrous, and, when excited, full of fire. The ears are thin, small, soft, like black velvet. There are two kinds - the "rose" and the "button." Preference is given to the latter. The wrinkles are large and deep. The muzzle is short, blunt, square, but not upfaced. Bite - A Pug's bite should be very slightly undershot.
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is slightly arched. It is strong, thick, and with enough length to carry the head proudly. The short back is level from the withers to the high tail set. The body is short and cobby, wide in chest and well ribbed up. The tail is curled as tightly as possible over the hip. The double curl is perfection.
The legs are very strong, straight, of moderate length, and are set well under. The elbows should be directly under the withers when viewed from the side. The shoulders are moderately laid back. The pasterns are strong, neither steep nor down. The feet are neither so long as the foot of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well split-up toes, and the nails black. Dewclaws are generally removed.
The strong, powerful hindquarters have moderate bend of stifle and short hocks perpendicular to the ground. The legs are parallel when viewed from behind. The hindquarters are in balance with the forequarters. The thighs and buttocks are full and muscular. Feet as in front.
The coat is fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither hard nor woolly.
The colors are fawn or black. The fawn color should be decided so as to make the contrast complete between the color and the trace and mask.
The markings are clearly defined. The muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead, and the back trace should be as black as possible. The mask should be black. The more intense and well defined it is, the better. The trace is a black line extending from the occiput to the tail.
Viewed from the front, the forelegs should be carried well forward, showing no weakness in the pasterns, the paws landing squarely with the central toes straight ahead. The rear action should be strong and free through hocks and stifles, with no twisting or turning in or out at the joints. The hind legs should follow in line with the front. There is a slight natural convergence of the limbs both fore and aft. A slight roll of the hindquarters typifies the gait which should be free, self-assured, and jaunty.
This is an even-tempered breed, exhibiting stability, playfulness, great charm, dignity, and an outgoing, loving disposition.
- Any color other than fawn or black.
Approved April 8, 2008 Effective June 3, 2008
ResearchBreeder.com's point calculation occurs at a variety of levels.
Each breed has a list of required tests. These tests are given the greatest weight in determining scores for the dog, litter, and breed. The breeder receives a certain number of points for having done the test done. Bonus points are awarded based on the results of the test by an approved laboratory authorized to issue a clearance number.
Any test has a limited number of result possibilities. For example, if the result possibilities are "Excellent", "Good", "Average", "Fair" and "Poor", the points awarded are as follows;
Excellent = 5, Good = 4, Average = 3, Fair = 2, Poor =1, No result provided = -1.
Regardless of whether the test was done, the breeder, dog, and breed get "Bonus" points for supplying the test results. This also encourages breeders to strive for high quality breedings.
In addition to required breed tests there are "Optional" tests which are recommended but not required for the breed and CHIC certification. In addition, if the breed has health related databases the breeder is awarded points under this section for each dog or bitch from for information submitted. These tests are "Scored" in a similar manner as required tests.
Ethics points are awarded in two ways.
EAPs are a result of going the extra mile to achieve health breeds for the future. There are several things a breeder can do to receive EAPs.
1) Require dog purchasers to perform required health tests as a part of the purchase contract. In reality, you can't make a purchaser ultimately to do the tests but at least you tried and buyers know what is expected.
2) Agree in the purchase contract to allow the purchaser to return any dog that fails a required test if the test is completed according to the terms of the contract. Purchasers will be so relieved to know how important it is to the breeder is confident in their breeding practices and genuinely care about the purchasers.
3) Include a "First Right of Refusal" in all contracts requiring if for any reason the purchaser of the dog decides the dog is no longer wanted, the breeder must notified and be offered the ownership back to you the breeder.
4) Require purchasers of show stock dogs to agree to not breed dogs without required breed tests being completed and results filed prior to breeding.
5) Filing the "Ethical Breeders Oath" with ResearchBreeder.com.
6) Allowing prospective purchasers or a designated person to visit your kennel.
7) Have a page titled, "Ethical Breeder Policies" on the breeder's website including the list on this page.
8) Keep complete and accurate records for each puppy produced, immunizations given using the ResearchBreeders.com free database.
9) Keep a record including the contact information of the purchasers of all puppies sold by my kennel using the free ResearchBreeders.com database.
10) Micro-chip all puppies prior to placement in buyer's home.
EIPS are the opposite of EAPs. EIPs are negative points for the breeder resulting from poor ethics practices.
1) 1st Time Breeding a dog you own or share ownership with to a dog which did not have all required health tests for the breed, receiving a passing grade for the tests and having the results of the tested recorded.
2) 2nd Time Breeding a dog you own or share ownership with to a dog which did not have all required health tests for the breed, receiving a passing grade for the tests and having the results of the tested recorded.
3) 3rd Time Breeding a male dog in your kennel or providing semen from a dog in your kennel to be used to impregnate a bitch that has already been bred three times in the bitches lifetime.
4) Breeding a bitch from your kennel or not preventing a bitch from your kennel to be bred more than three times in the bitch's lifetime.
ResearchBreeder.com has the ability to compare various aspects of one breed to another. Because each breed has different "Required" and "Optional" tests, RBC's software applies a comparison algorithm in the comparison process to enable the ability to compare breeds fairly.
TYPE of CONTRACT: (_)Show (_)Pet
THIS AGREEMENT, made this the ____ day of September, 2017, by and between
Seller(s),_______________________________________________ and Buyer(s)_________________________________________________________.
The venue for this contract is: County: ___________________________________ State: _________________________. Any litigation brought pursuant to this contract will be litigated in this venue. (The County and state listed above)
Breeder(s) agrees to sell on co-ownership, the following Irish Setter identified as follows:
AKC Official Registration Information
AKC Litter Number: ___________________________ OWNER(S) OF DOG (From AKC Registration form): ____________________________________________.
NAME OF DOG (From AKC Registration): _________________________________________________.
DATE OF BIRTH: Actual Date: ___________________ Est. Date of Birth: ________________.
Limited Registration Provision
Definition: For purposes of this contract A “Limited Registration” means the purchasers of the dog identified above will receive an American Kennel Club registration HOWEVER the dog or bitch may not be shown in ANY dog competition or event which is sanctioned by ANY recognized national kennel club. Further the dog or bitched may not be used in ANY breeding regardless of whether a dog used as a part of said breeding with the dog named above is an AKC registered dog or not.
Limited Registration Number: ______________________________ Buyer Initials: __________
Total Purchase Price of the Dog named above: $__________________ Deposit: __________
It is agreed by the parties the balance of any amounts due shall be paid by the purchaser at the time physical transfer of the dog takes place.
Buyer(s) are responsible for transportation including any airfare, health clearances and incidental travel expense.
Seller(s) will file registration and Home Again Micro-Chip paperwork with AKC and associated costs are to be paid for by Buyer(s).
Ownership under this provision shall be transferred by seller and accepted by buyer upon acceptance of the dog named above by the transporter of same.
SELLER(S) offers a seventy-two (72) hour veterinarian check on DOG at Buyer(s)’ expense. This time period begins at the time of transfer of the dog named above to either the named purchaser or the acceptance of the dog’s transporter.
SELLER(S) agrees to a full refund or replacement and BUYER(S) shall relinquish the DOG to SELLER(S), should the dog be found not to be in good health when notified by BUYER(S)
Veterinarian, in writing, within seventy-two (72) hours of transfer of the dog named above to the purchaser OR the transporter of same.
Buyer Acceptance of Dog
After 72 hours BUYER(S) shall assume full responsibility for the health, appearance, and temperament of the DOG. BUYER(S) also agrees to have DOG in their possession and to properly socialize, condition and exercise DOG to insure DOG’S proper mental and physical health. BUYER(S) agrees to adhere to the attached Vaccination/Worming/Feeding/ and Conditioning schedule as stated under separate cover.
Seller(s) Certification of Health
The seller(s) of the puppy named above is in good health as can best be determined as is known.
Sire Test Documentation
Seller Certifies the following tests have been completed for the sire of the litter as stated above:
Sire AKC Registration Number: _______________ Registered Name: ___________________________________________
Dam Test Documentation
Seller Certifies the following tests have been completed for the dam of the litter as stated above:
Sire AKC Registration Number: _______________ Registered Name: ___________________________________________
Should BUYER(S) wish to sell, place, or dispose of the DOG in any fashion at any time, SELLER(S) shall have “The First Right of Refusal.” .
Kennel and Litter Theme Notification
The AKC registration litter registration form has been forwarded to AKC for filing. All puppies will carry the kennel prefix of: _____________________________.
The theme for the litter is: _________________________________________.
The registration will be filed no later than 35 days after DOG has been placed with BUYER(S). The AKC registration of DOG does not guarantee that DOG will complete an AKC Championship.
BUYER(S) agrees to socialize and/or enroll DOG in a basic obedience class to become knowledgeable and understand the importance of consistent training and control of DOG. BUYER failure to accomplish this (without just cause) BUYER(S) may be determined to be in default of this contract and all guarantees herein offered shall become null and void.
BUYER'(s) agree that DOG will be a house DOG and will not be left in an unprotected and unsafe place when no one is home.
DOG will NOT be chained.
DOG will be provided a safe FENCED yard and not be allowed to roam.
Future Health Tests
When DOG is twenty-four (24) months old, BUYER(S) will have DOG’S hips x-rayed for an evaluation by a veterinarian that is qualified by the ORTHOPEDIC FOUNDATION FOR ANIMALS (OFA). The findings of the OFA are to be sent to SELLER(S).
Annually, beginning at one (1) year of age DOG shall have a thyroid test. Thyroid test to be evaluated by a facility of like standing to Michigan State University Veterinarian Hospital or HEMOPET (Jean Dodds, DVM) and a written report or copy thereof sent to SELLER(S).
Disqualifying Resulting from Future Health Tests
If by (2) years DOG develops any disqualifying show faults as defined in the official AKC Breed Standard, or DOG is not certified by OFA at 24 months old as having normal hips for breeding,
BUYER(S) may utilize any of the following options. (Not applicable for pet homes) A reduced fee of one-half of purchase price of another dog from SELLER(S)’s next available litter, and after BUYER(S) shows proof to SELLER(S) that DOG has been rendered sterile.
If BUYER(S) wishes to sell DOG after DOG is rendered sterile, BUYER(S) must notify SELLER(S) before DOG is sold and placed in a new home.
BUYER(S) reserve the right to work with SELLER(S) in the selection of an appropriate new home for DOG. There shall be no monetary compensation to BUYER(S) by SELLER(S). The sale shall constitute a refund.
If DOG’S hips are evaluated by OFA as having crippling hip dysplasia SELLER(S) will offer a replacement dog of equal value from SELLER(S)’s next available litter.
If BUYER(S) breeds DOG before DOG’s hips have been preliminary x-rayed clear before the age of two (2) years, and/or certified by OFA as being normal, SELLER(S) shall have the right to redeem DOG from BUYER(S) for no fee as BUYER'(S) actions shall be deemed a direct violation of this Contract.
If DOG is a female, BUYER(S) may keep all resulting pups from this breeding, however SELLER(S) shall have the same right to redeem DOG from BUYER(S) for no fee as BUYER'(S) actions shall be deemed a direct violation of this Contract.
Each provision of this Contract is intended to be severable. If one or more of the provisions of this Contract shall for any reason be held invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any respect, such invalidity, illegality or unenforceability shall not affect or impair any other provisions of this Contract, but this Contract shall be construed as if such invalid, illegal or unenforceable provision had not been contained herein.
SELLER(S) SHALL HAVE THE RIGHT TO CHECK IN ON DOG TO ASSURE THAT THIS DOG IS BEING KEPT IN GOOD PHYSICAL HEALTH AND CONDITION. IF DOG IS FOUND TO BE IN POOR HEALTH, SELLER(S) HAS THE RIGHT TO TAKE DOG TO A LICENSED VETERINARIAN FOR EVALUATION AND/OR TREATMENT. SELLER(S) SHALL THEN HAVE THE RIGHT TO REDEEM DOG WITH NO MONEY REFUNDED TO BUYER(S), AS THIS MISTREATMENT SHALL BE DEEMED A VIOLIATION OF THIS CONTRACT. BUYER(S) DOES AGREE TO MAKE THIS DOG A PART OF THE FAMILY BY NOT KEEPING DOG OUTDOORS AT ALL TIMES. THIS Five (5) PAGE SALES CONTRACT HAS BEEN READ BY BOTH THE UNDERSIGNED BUYER(S) AND SELLER(S) AND THEIR SIGNATURES AFFIXED HEREON SHALL ATTEST TO THEIR COMPLETE AGREEMENT AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONTENTS HEREIN. THERE ARE NO VERBAL PROMISES OR BOTH PARTIES SHALL HONOR COMMITMENTS OFFERED TO BUYER(S) ON THIS DOG, ONLY THOSE GUARANTEES LISTED HEREIN. THIS SHALL BE DEEMED A LEGAL AND BINDING CONTRACT AND FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH ITS TERMS AND CONDITIONS COULD RESULT IN A LEGAL ACTION BEING FILED, WITH THE PARTY AT FAULT BEING RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY LEGAL FEES INCURRED BY THE OPPOSING PARTY. IF BUYER(S) IS FOUND TO BE IN VIOLATION OF THIS CONTRACT AND SELLER(S) LEGALLY REDEEMS DOG, BUYER(S) AGREES TO SIGN OVER TO SELLER(S) THE OFFICIAL AKC REGISTRATION OF DOG(S) AS SOON AS A JUDGMENT HAS BEEN MADE BY THE COURT.
Signatures and Contact Information
SELLER(S): Signature: ________________________________________________ Print Name: ________________________________________________
BUYER(S): Signature: ________________________________________________ Print Name: ________________________________________________
The following pages reflect typical questions an ethical breeder should ask all potential purchasers of dogs from their kennel. There could be more questions than the one included in this sample questionnaire but these are a minimum. If the breeder you are considering does not have a similar questionnaire for you to complete, YOU SHOULD BE Concerned.
This questionnaire is provided to you to help us get to know you and to inquire into your interest in owning a/an I________________ (Breed). We would appreciate your answers to the following questions. The answers to the questions are important and most helpful in deciding the correct placement of each puppy with its new owner(s). The puppy’s welfare is our foremost requirement in considering placement. Answer the questions below completely and return this form to us in a timely manner. If you have questions, please contact us. Thank you for your interest in our dogs.
Print your name(s), as you would wish it to appear on the AKC registration
Phone #: _______________________________
E-mail Add: ________________________ _______________________________________
Best time to reach you: ___________________________________________________
How were you referred to us? _______________________________________
Gender preference: Prefer Male or Female (circle one)
I want a dog for: (check all that apply).
__Home _____Breeding _____Agility Competition
___Pet AKA Family Member _____Conformation Show _____Hunting
_____Companion _____Top Show
_____Guard/Protection _____Obedience Ring
very high high moderate low
Thank you for taking the time to complete our questionnaire. We want to provide each puppy with the safest and most loving home that is possible. We do not breed a lot and their welfare is very important to us.
|How many litters a year do you have?||This will alert you to breeding practices.|
|How many litters have you had since you started breeding?||This will alert you to breeding practices.|
|Have you had any health issues arise in your breeding’s that I should be aware of?||This will alert you to the honesty of the breeder as every breeder who has bred long enough has had some issue in all likelihood. A flat out denial of any issues is a huge red flag.|
|Do the sire and dam have Health Clearances? (CHIC)||This will alert you to Health History.|
|Can I have copies of these Health Clearances?||This will alert you to if this is an actual clearance by approved labs and specialists in their field or just screening by general veterinarians and not specialist approved for clearances.|
|What warranty do you offer in writing?||Contracts should offer a time frame for warranty and a return policy. This will alert you to how confident the breeder is in their breeding program by the length of guarantee and what they guarantee.|
|Can I visit your facility?||This will alert you to the type of environment your puppy will come from.|
|Are the sire and dam on the premises?||This will alert you to the health and condition of the parents.|
|What vaccines do you use?||This will alert you to how educated the breeder is and how safe the breeder is. Example: do they order non immune system oppressive vaccines or are they using cheap feed store vaccines.|
|What food do you feed?||This will alert you to the quality of food for the wellbeing of the puppy is being used.|
|New or repeat user for survey|
|Have you taken this survey previously for another dog?|
|How many Pugs do you currently own?|
|1 TO 3||437||(49%)|
|4 TO 6||35||(3.9%)|
|11 TO 15||11||(1.2%)|
|7 TO 10||7||(0.8%)|
|MORE THAN 15||4||(0.4%)|
|6 TO 10||3||(0.3%)|
|How many years have you owned Pugs?|
|5 TO 10 YEARS||180||(20.2%)|
|LESS THAN 5 YEARS||144||(16.2%)|
|10 TO 15 YEARS||122||(13.7%)|
|OVER 15 YEARS||105||(11.8%)|
|Where did you obtain your Pug(s)?|
|DIRECTLY FROM A BREEDER||332||(37.3%)|
|BRED IT MYSELF||56||(6.3%)|
|Are you a member of the Pug Dog Club of America?|
|What sex is this dog?|
|Is this dog still living?|
|What is/was the overall health of this dog?|
|Has this dog had significant health problems?|
|Is this dog spayed/neutered?|
|What Vaccinations has this dog received?|
|NO REGULAR VACCINATIONS||44||(4.9%)||17||(3.9%)||27||(6.5%)|
|How frequently is this dog vaccinated?|
|EVERY THREE YEARS||225||(25.3%)||119||(27%)||106||(25.7%)|
|ONLY WHEN TITERS INDICATE MY DOG IS NOT PROTECTED||108||(12.1%)||47||(10.7%)||61||(14.8%)|
|EVERY TWO YEARS||78||(8.8%)||41||(9.3%)||37||(9%)|
|THIS DOG IS NOT VACCINATED||23||(2.6%)||11||(2.5%)||12||(2.9%)|
|Has this dog had a reaction to a vaccine?|
|How often do you run titers on this dog?|
|DO NOT RUN TITERS ON THIS DOG||569||(63.9%)||301||(68.4%)||267||(64.6%)|
|ONLY WHEN NEEDED||187||(21%)||94||(21.4%)||93||(22.5%)|
|Followup dog information|
|What is the current age of this dog?|
|At what age did this dog die?|
|Was a necropsy/autopsy performed?|
|At what age was this dog altered?|
|LESS THAN 1 YEAR OF AGE||322||(36.1%)||167||(38%)||155||(37.5%)|
|OLDER THAN 2 YEARS||166||(18.6%)||68||(15.5%)||97||(23.5%)|
|FROM 1 TO 2 YEARS||109||(12.2%)||52||(11.8%)||57||(13.8%)|
|At what age did this dog begin to have significant health issues?|
|FROM 6 TO 10 YEARS OF AGE||105||(11.8%)||53||(12%)||52||(12.6%)|
|FROM 2 TO 5 YEARS OF AGE||83||(9.3%)||45||(10.2%)||38||(9.2%)|
|BETWEEN 6 MONTHS AND 2 YEARS||60||(6.7%)||27||(6.1%)||33||(8%)|
|OVER 10 YEARS OF AGE||38||(4.3%)||21||(4.8%)||17||(4.1%)|
|Genetic test screenings|
|Has this dog had an OFA exam for Hip Dysplasia?|
|Has this dog had a hip dysplasia exam from another organization/entity?|
|Has this dog had an OFA elbow dysplasia examination?|
|Has this dog had a Patellar Luxation examination?|
|Has this dog had an OFA exam for thyroid disorders?|
|Has this dog had an eye exam registered with either the OFA or CERF?|
|Has this dog been tested for Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)?|
|Has this dog been tested for Necrotizing Meningoencephalitis (NME)?|
|Has this dog ever had its bile acids tested?|
|Has this dog had an OFA Cardiac screening?|
|Genetic test screenings followup|
|What was this dog's OFA hip grade?|
|MILD HIP DYSPLASIA||20||(2.2%)||12||(2.7%)||8||(1.9%)|
|MODERATE HIP DYSPLASIA||15||(1.7%)||5||(1.1%)||10||(2.4%)|
|SEVERE HIP DYSPLASIA||5||(0.6%)||2||(0.5%)||3||(0.7%)|
|What was the result of this dog's hip evaluation from an organization other than the OFA?|
|NO RADIOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE OF HIP DYSPLASIA||26||(2.9%)||11||(2.5%)||15||(3.6%)|
|What was the result of this dog's elbow dysplasia examination?|
|GRADE 1 ELBOW DYSPLASIA||6||(0.7%)||1||(0.2%)||5||(1.2%)|
|GRADE 2 ELBOW DYSPLASIA||5||(0.6%)||2||(0.5%)||3||(0.7%)|
|What was the result of this dog's patellar luxation examination?|
|NO PATELLAR LUXATION||192||(21.5%)||93||(21.1%)||99||(24%)|
|GRADE 1 PATELLAR LUXATION||30||(3.4%)||12||(2.7%)||18||(4.4%)|
|GRADE 2 PATELLAR LUXATION||21||(2.4%)||6||(1.4%)||15||(3.6%)|
|GRADE 3 PATELLAR LUXATION||15||(1.7%)||6||(1.4%)||9||(2.2%)|
|GRADE 4 PATELLAR LUXATION||5||(0.6%)||2||(0.5%)||3||(0.7%)|
|What was the result of this dog's thyroid examination?|
|IDIOPATHICALLY REDUCED THYROID FUNCTION||8||(0.9%)||4||(0.9%)||4||(1%)|
|What was the result of this dog's OFA ECR/CERF examination?|
|OFA ECR/CERF NORMAL||87||(9.8%)||42||(9.5%)||45||(10.9%)|
|ECR?CERF ABNORMAL, SUSPECTED INHERITED CONDITION (NO CERF NUMBER)||17||(1.9%)||11||(2.5%)||6||(1.5%)|
|ECR/CERF PASSED WITH BREEDER OPTION||17||(1.9%)||6||(1.4%)||11||(2.7%)|
|OFA ECR/CERF ABNORMAL, ACQUIRED CONDITION (NO CERF NUMBER)||12||(1.3%)||9||(2%)||3||(0.7%)|
|What was the result of this dog's DM test?|
|AT RISK (A/A)||7||(0.8%)||5||(1.1%)||2||(0.5%)|
|What was the result of this dog's NME test?|
|What was the result of this dog's cardiac screening?|
|NO MURMUR PRESENT/NORMAL||36||(4%)||14||(3.2%)||22||(5.3%)|
|GRADE 1 MURMUR||2||(0.2%)||1||(0.2%)||1||(0.2%)|
|GRADE 3 MURMUR||1||(0.1%)||1||(0.2%)||0||(0%)|
|GRADE 2 MURMUR||1||(0.1%)||1||(0.2%)||0||(0%)|
|Has your dog been diagnosed with any of the following health issues?|
|Cancer or Tumors?|
|Neurological and/or Muscular disorders?|
|Immune system disorders?|
|What cancer types has this dog been diagnosed with?|
|MAST CELL TUMOR||47||(5.3%)||27||(6.1%)||20||(4.8%)|
|SQUAMOUS CELL CANCER||2||(0.2%)||1||(0.2%)||1||(0.2%)|
|SEBACEOUS GLAND CANCER||2||(0.2%)||1||(0.2%)||1||(0.2%)|
|Was this cancer diagnosis confirmed by biopsy/histology?|
|How was this cancer treated?|
|ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES (ACUPUNCTURE, HERBAL, DIET, ETC.)||12||(1.3%)||6||(1.4%)||6||(1.5%)|
|A COMBINATION OF RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPY||3||(0.3%)||2||(0.5%)||1||(0.2%)|
|What was the survival time after diagnosis?|
|OVER 3 YEARS||39||(4.4%)||18||(4.1%)||21||(5.1%)|
|LESS THAN 1 MONTH||22||(2.5%)||15||(3.4%)||7||(1.7%)|
|1 TO 3 YEARS||16||(1.8%)||11||(2.5%)||5||(1.2%)|
|LESS THAN 3 MONTHS||10||(1.1%)||6||(1.4%)||4||(1%)|
|LESS THAN 1 YEAR||6||(0.7%)||3||(0.7%)||3||(0.7%)|
|LESS THAN 6 MONTHS||3||(0.3%)||2||(0.5%)||1||(0.2%)|
|What types of gastrointestinal problems has this dog been diagnosed with?|
|INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE||13||(1.5%)||8||(1.8%)||5||(1.2%)|
|What cardiac disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?|
|CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE||7||(0.8%)||6||(1.4%)||1||(0.2%)|
|PERSISTENT RIGHT AORTIC ARCH (PRAA)||1||(0.1%)||1||(0.2%)||0||(0%)|
|PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSIS (PDA)||1||(0.1%)||1||(0.2%)||0||(0%)|
|MITRAL VALVE DEFECT||1||(0.1%)||0||(0%)||1||(0.2%)|
|DEGENERATIVE VALVE DISEASE||1||(0.1%)||0||(0%)||1||(0.2%)|
|What respiratory disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?|
|ELONGATED SOFT PALATE||44||(4.9%)||26||(5.9%)||18||(4.4%)|
|LUNG LOBE TORSION||4||(0.4%)||1||(0.2%)||3||(0.7%)|
|What eye disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?|
|PROGRESSIVE RETINAL ATROPHY (PRA)||5||(0.6%)||3||(0.7%)||2||(0.5%)|
|PERSISTENT PUPILLARY MEMBRANE (PPM)||5||(0.6%)||3||(0.7%)||2||(0.5%)|
|RETINAL FOLDS (PUPPY FOLDS)||3||(0.3%)||3||(0.7%)||0||(0%)|
|What ear disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?|
|CHRONIC EAR INFECTION||93||(10.4%)||62||(14.1%)||31||(7.5%)|
|DEAFNESS, BILATERAL (BOTH EARS)||29||(3.3%)||18||(4.1%)||11||(2.7%)|
|MALFORMATION OF THE EAR CANAL||5||(0.6%)||2||(0.5%)||3||(0.7%)|
|DEAFNESS, UNILATERAL (ONE EAR)||5||(0.6%)||4||(0.9%)||1||(0.2%)|
|What neurological and/or muscular disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?|
|INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DISEASE||26||(2.9%)||15||(3.4%)||11||(2.7%)|
|CONSTRICTIVE MYELOPATHY OF PUGS||13||(1.5%)||7||(1.6%)||6||(1.5%)|
|NECROTIZING MENINGOENCEPHALITIS (NME) AKA PUG DOG ENCEPHALITIS (PDE)||12||(1.3%)||3||(0.7%)||9||(2.2%)|
|CERVICAL VERTEBRAL INSTABILITY (WOBBLERS)||6||(0.7%)||2||(0.5%)||4||(1%)|
|What skin/nail/pad disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?|
|AUTOIMMUNE SKIN DISEASE||10||(1.1%)||3||(0.7%)||7||(1.7%)|
|DRY, CRACKED PADS||5||(0.6%)||3||(0.7%)||2||(0.5%)|
|What liver disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?|
|What orthopedic disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?|