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ResearchBreeder.com

 

 

Breeder Background Check 

XYZ Pugs 

 
Research and background check completed. All information obtained indicates this breeder to have ethical breeding practices, goes the distance performing health testing prior to breeding, and gives puppy buyers the best possible chance of receiving a healthy puppy through adulthood they desire.

Lovelands Best Pugs

 Chicago, IL

 2017-07-27

 

Lengthy Report Notice:

This report is approximately 60 pages in length.  We have placed the most import information as close to the top as possible.  We would encourage the reader to review the entire report when time permits.  In the meantime, you may either scroll through the report or use the links in the Table of Contents by clicking on the desired section you wish to read.  Also, you will notice we have placed "Stop Lights" throughout the report as a visual indication of our valuation of specific items of concern.

 

Table of Content

Use the links below to go to the associated area of the report.
 Assumptions and Limiting Conditions  Grand Total All Litters
 Report Assignment  Breed Testing
 Certification  Breed/Breeder Comparisons on Vital Statistics
 Breed Standard  Breed Health Tests Statistics
 Dog Breeding Misconceptions  Breeding Observations
 Breed Testing Information  Contract Analysis
 Required Tests for This Breed  Final Conclusions
 Kennel Information  Sample Contract
 Breeding History  Sample Buyer Questionnaire
 Point Calculation Method  Topics and Questions You Should Ask Your Breeder
 First Litter Information  Ethical Breeding Considerations and Score
 First Litter Comments  Specific Tests Information
Most Recent Litter Information
Most Recent Litter Comments

Letter of Transmittal

2017-07-27

John Smith

123 Your Street

Your City, NY 12345

Dear Mr Smith, 

 

Pursuant to your request ResearchBreeder.com has completed an analysis of XYZ Pugs. Our analysis included a review of data related to this kennel, computer analysis of health tests and results of those tests available from this breeder, a review of all available breeder documents supporting the ethics of the breeder and if possible contacting individuals and other sources of data to assist in the process. This breeder scored 150 points out of 650 points on the ResearchBreeder.com Ethics Review Positive Attributes.  The breeder scored 0  points on the Negative Attributes.  The total net points for this breeder is 150

Research and background check completed. All information obtained indicates this breeder to have ethical breeding practices, goes the distance performing health testing prior to breeding, and gives puppy buyers the best possible chance of receiving a healthy puppy through adulthood they desire.

Thank you for contacting ResearchBreeder.com and allowing us to review XYZ Pugs for you.  Being a responsible pet or show dog owner means starting with health tests. We want to encourage you to help future puppy buyers find healthy puppies by completing the recommended health tests for your dog at the appropriate times in its life.  Please contact your veterinarian for help to insure bright and healthy futures for the pets who bring so much happiness to their owners. If you have any further questions feel free to contact us via email at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Documentation of results and opinion below.

This report is subject to the following assumptions and limiting conditions.

Assumptions and Limiting Conditions

  • This report is prepared using programs and forms developed and copyrighted by the ResearchBreeder.com hereafter referred to as “RBC”. The content, analyses, and opinions set forth in this report are the sole product of RBC.  
  • No responsibility is assumed for matters legal in character or nature and RBC and the client agrees to hold ResearchBreeder.com harmless and without any liability of same.
  • RBC has examined the available data described herein exclusively for the purposes of identification and description of the kennel and breeding practices of the breeder.
  • The objective of our data collection is to develop an opinion of the kennel and breeder hereinafter referred to as “Kennel” and make meaningful comparisons of the breeding practices of the Kennel. The observations and reporting by RBC should not be considered as a warranty of any component of the Kennel.
  • RBC will not be required to give testimony or appear in court because of having made a report of the kennel in question, unless specific arrangements to do so have been made in advance, or as otherwise required by law.
  • RBC has noted in this report any significant adverse conditions discovered during the data collection process in creation of this report. Unless otherwise stated in this kennel report, RBC has no knowledge of any hidden or unapparent deficiencies or adverse conditions of the kennel and makes no guarantees or warranties, express or implied. RBC will not be responsible for any such conditions that do exist or for any testing that might be required to discover whether such conditions exist. RBC obtained the data, information, and opinions furnished by other parties and expressed in this kennel report from reliable public and/or private sources that are believed to be true and correct.
  • The Client is the party or parties who engage RBC in a specific assignment. A party receiving a copy of this report from the client does not, as a consequence, become a party to the RBC-client relationship. Any person who receives a copy of this appraisal report as a consequence of disclosure requirements that apply to an RBC client, does not become an intended user of this report unless the client specifically identified them at the time of the assignment. RBC’s written consent and approval must be obtained
     before this kennel report can be conveyed by anyone to the public through advertising, public relations, news, sales, or other media.
  • Although breeders often obtain the AKC Breeder of Merit certification as well as other designations gives no consideration of these designations.
 

Report Assignment

ResearchBreeder.com has been requested to research the kennel and breeder to determine the quality of the animals produced to assist the client in their determination to obtain a puppy from said kennel/breeder.

Certification

ResearchBreeder.com certifies that, to the best of our knowledge and belief:

  • The statements of fact contained in this report are true and correct.
  • The reported analysis, opinions, and conclusions are limited only by the report assumptions and limiting conditions, and are our personal, unbiased professional analysis, opinions, and conclusions.
  • We have no present (unless specified below) or prospective interest in the kennel that is the subject of this report, and we have no (unless specified below) personal interest with respect to the parties involved.
  • We have no bias with respect to any dogs that are the subject of this report or to the parties involved with this assignment.
  • Our engagement in this assignment was not contingent upon developing or reporting predetermined results.
  • Our compensation for completing this assignment is not contingent upon the development or reporting of a predetermined outcome that favors the cause of the client, the attainment of a stipulated result, or the occurrence of a subsequent event directly related to the intended use of this report, and this report has been prepared, in conformity with the highest standards of professional practice.

Dog Breeding Misconceptions

There are several misconceptions found in the canine world as related to breeding.

Although one might think the American Kennel Club (AKC) would require breeder members to do health tests of all male and female dogs used in the breeding process, they do not. Further, the AKC does not require national breed clubs to do testing as a qualification of membership.

  • Breeders found on the AKC.org website are required to do health testing of dogs used in their breeding programs. Not true. They require no testing.
  • An AKC registered dog has passed the suggested health tests for the breed. The fact is, AKC registered dogs are not required to have any health tests at all.
  • National Breed clubs require breeder members to do health testing prior to breeding.  Not true. Almost all national breed clubs suggest certain tests but do not require any tests or the recording of any health test results prior to a dog being used in the breeding process.
  • A breeder with perceived breeder designations i.e. "Breeder of Merit", or "Preferred Breeder", etc. has tested the dogs used in the breeding process. This is not true.
  • Breeders report the results of the health tests they do. This is not true, In fact most breeders receiving what might be a negative result from a test intentionally do not report it because they are worried what other breeders or puppy purchasers might think or consider as they decide to either use a dog for the breeding process.
  • A health test is a health clearance. Not true. Health testing is a screening for a fuuture health clearance. A health clearance is only obtainable from approved laboratories meeting very strict guidelines. 

Breed Testing Information

 ResearchBreeder.com has an extensive database of dogs and the tests given to those dogs. Every breed has a list of tests which are considered to be prerequisites to breeding as well as other tests which are recommended to assist owners and potential purchasers in their decision making process. ResearchBreeder.com has developed a method of evaluating dog breeds by tracking tests done by breeders, the results of those tests and rating the dogs, litters, and breeders are based on a point system.  Breeders can then be evaluated based on how they compare to other breeders of the same breed. Presently RBC has over 6,000 Irish setters on file with over 10,500 tests completed.

 Required Tests for This Breed

  • Hip Dysplasia

  • Eye Exam and file with OFA or CERF

  • Patella Luxation

  • Necrotizing Meningoencephalitis

Kennel Information

 Kennel Name  XYZ Pugs
 Breeder Name  Lovelands Best Pugs
 Address

 123 A Street

 Kennel City, IA 12345

 Phone  NA
 Email  Kennel Email
 Website  http://www.website.com
 Breeding Start Date  2005-04-01

 Breeding History 

 First Confirmed Breeding  2005-04-27  Most Recent Confirmed Breeding   2016-09-13
 Confirmed Litters  20  
 Estimated Total Puppies  120  Confirmed Puppies  44
 Dogs on File  33  Dogs with Tests  33
 Number of Tests Completed   115  Required Tests Completed  80
 Males Tested  16  Females Tested  17
 Males with CHIC Clearances  4  Females with CHIC Clearances  3
 
 

 First Litter Information  

 Registration Number   TR123456  First Litter Date  2005-04-27
 Males on File  0  Females on File  1    
 Males Tested  0  Females Tested  1    
 Average Points Per Male  0  Average Points Per Female  2.0000    
 Male CHIC Clearances  0  Female CHIC Clearances  0    
 Required Tests Completed  0  Required Tests Test Points  0  Required Tests Results Points   0  Required Tests Total Points  0
 Optional Tests Completed  1  Optional Tests Test Points  1  Optional Tests Results Points  1  Optional Tests Total Points  2
 Litter Total Test Points  1  Litter Total Results Points  1  Total CHIC Points  0  Total Failed Tests  0

  

First Litter Comments

 
There were at least four dogs in this litter but only one female was tested. 
 

Most Recent Litter Information

  
 Registration Number   TS543210  Recent Litter Date  2016-06-23
 Males on File  0  Females on File  1     
 Males Tested  0  Females Tested  1    
 Average Points Per Male  0  Average Points Per Female  6.0000    
 Male CHIC Clearances  0  Female CHIC Clearances  0    
 Required Tests Completed  1  Required Tests Test Points  1  Required Tests Results Points   2   Required Tests Total Points  3
 Optional Tests Completed  1  Optional Tests Test Points  1  Optional Tests Results Points  2  Optional Tests Total Points  3
 Litter Total Test Points  2  Litter Total Results Points  4  Total CHIC Points  0  Total Failed Tests  0

Most Recent Litter Comments

 Very recent litter. Not all required tests are completed however it is too early to administer the hip dysplasia test.

 

Grand Total Tests Information for Breeder

  
 Males on File  16  Females on File  17    
 Males Tested  16  Females Tested  17    
 Average Points Per Male  11.125  Average Points Per Female  8.2941    
 Male CHIC Clearances  4  Female CHIC Clearances    3   Total CHIC Clearances  7  
 Required Tests Completed  80  Required Tests Test Points  80  Required Tests Results Points   80  Required Tests Total Points  220
 Optional Tests Completed  35  Optional Tests Test Points
 35
 Optional Tests Results Points  64  Optional Tests Total Points  99
 Total Test Points  115  Total Results Points  204  Total CHIC Points  140  Total Failed Tests  0

Breed Testing

Animals Tested

Males Tested   Females Tested  Total Tested
 579  747  1326

Required Testing

Total Animals Tested  Total Points for Taking Tests   Total Results Points  Grand Total Required Testing Points
 1647  1647  2881 4528

Optional Testing

Total Animals Tested  Total Points for Taking Tests   Total Results Points   Grand Total Optional Testing Points 
 786  786  1415 2201

CHIC Testing

The Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) awards a certification to all dogs taking, passing, and maintaining Certification.  ResearchBreeder.com ONLY maintains a list of animals which have taken and passed the required tests for the certification. Current certification numbers are not maintained.

CHIC Cleared Males   CHIC Cleared Females   CHIC Cleared Total   CHIC Points 
 31  41  27  1440

Breed Total Points Information

 Grand Total Points for Taking Required and Optional Tests   Grand Total Results Points   CHIC Points   Grand Total Points 
 2433  4296  1440  8169

Breed Rankings

Compared to All Breeds On File   Compared to Breeds Within Group (Sporting)   Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) 
N/A N/A N/A

Breeder/Breed Comparisons on Vital Statistics

This information is extremely important to you because it tells you how this breeder compares to the breed as a whole. The information on thousands of dogs allows for excellent comparisons. A difference of 1.000 point is huge. If you see all findings suggest "Caution" then be careful.  Of course a lot of "Red" means STOP because this breeder is far below the standards set by other breeders in this breed.  Green means GO and if you see a lot of GREEN then you can be comfortable with the ability of the breeder to produce heal;thy animals. Don't make your final decision here.  You also need to review the "Ethical Breeding Practices" below before you make up your mind.

 Comparison Total For Breed  This Breeder Stop-Caution-Go 
 1. Average Points Per Animal Overall  5.0747  9.6667  
 2. Average Points per Male  5.0000  11.12  
 3. Average Points per Female  5.1325  8.2941  
 4. Percent of Dogs On File With CHIC Clearances  5.2941  21.21  
 5. Average Hip Dysplasia Points  2.6392  2.0666  
 6. Average Petella Luxation Points 2.9789 2.9655
 7. Average NME Points 2.7716 2.9655
 8. Average Eye Exam Points  2.2811 2.6923 
 9. Required Test Maximum 11 pts/Dog 363 319

 

 

 Breed Test Statistics

 

Required No. of Tests Test Name Test Points Result Points Total Points
N 402 DM 402 660 1062
Y 438 NECROTIZING MENINGOENCEPHALITIS 438 0 438
Y 713 PATELLA LUXATION 713 1417 2130
N 138 Elbow 138 249 387
Y 377 Hip Dysplasia 377 618 995
N 4 TRACHEAL HYPOPLASIA 4 8 12
N 79 LEGG-CALVE-PERTHES 79 158 237
N 10 Database 10 10 20
N 218 Cardiology 218 436 654
Y 281 Eyes 281 360 641
N 6 ADVANCED CARDIAC 6 10 16
N 28 Thyroid 28 54 82
N 31 PYRUVATE KINASE DEFICIENCY 31 62 93
N 11 Full Dentition 11 11 22
N 1 BAER HEARING TEST 1 2 3
N 2 CERF-ABNORMAL 2 2 4
N 1 SPINE 1 0 1
N 1 PRIMARY LENS LUXATION 1 1 2
N 1 Shoulder 1 2 3

Breeding Observations 

 This breeder has a 21.2 % CHIC rating which is very good. The average number of litters per year is 1.66.

Contract Analysis

 No contract available

Final Conclusions

 Our background check into this kennel revealed some very interesting things, especially their scoring on ratios of their kennel compared to the breed. Their scores on these comparisons demonstrate their work to improve their breed. When you are comparing these values one must consider thousands of dogs make up the breed ratios and they are compared to one breeder and even a small difference shows a lot of work. XYZ Pugs scored 9.7 which is almost 100% higher than the breed at 5.0.

The Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) awards certification to dogs which have passed all required tests for the specific breed.This breeder has a CHIC ratio of 21.21 percent which four times that of the breed. Once again this breeder demonstrates the importance of health is to their breeding program. XYX dogs passed all of these tests.

While ResearchBreeder.com recommends a visual inspection of the documents related to health tests it is obvious this breeder puts health first.

it is also important to note this breeder was not aware of the ResearchBreeder.com's list of ethical breeding practices related to their website. We are confident they will begin making changes which will dramatically increase their ethical breeding score.

Puppy buyers should always do their research but XYZ Pugs is a good place to start.

 

Ethical Breeder Considerations and Score

It is important for the breeder to be completely transparent in their marketing program for their kennel. This includes their website and the information they provide to potential purchasers of their puppies.  All kennels should have an up-to-date website. Remember, if a breeder doesn't have a website and doesn't keep it up to date, they are demonstrating their lack of transparency to you, the buyer. In addition an ethical breeder should be able to demonstrate good business practices, adequate record keeping systems which not only track the information on the litters they produce, but also allows them to track purchasers and stay in touch with the purchasers of their puppies. The following chart contains a list of ethical breeding practices ResearchBreeder.com believes ALL kennels and breeders should have a part of their kennel and breeding programs. ResearchBreeder.com has assigned a point value to each item. A perfect score is 650 points.  ResearchBreeder.com considers items 13-17 extremely unethical practices and has assigned severe deductions for the breeder having done so. 

Positive Ethical Breeding Practices

 
Practice Number Ethical Breeding Practice Stop-Caution-Go   Points
 1  If the kennel has a website, what is the URL?     50
 2  Does the breeder post  a copy of their purchase contract on their website?    50
 3  Does the breeder post  a copy of their buyer questionnaire on their website?    50
 4  Does the breeder post  a list of the required health tests for the breed you are purchasing on their website?    0
 5  Does the breeder post  their "Return Dogs That Fail Tests" policy on their website?     0
 6  Does the breeder post  their "First Right of Refusal" policy on their website?    0
 7  Does the breeder post  their "Show Stock Health Test" policy on their website?    0
 8  Does the breeder have a "Kennel Visitation" policy on their website?    0
 9  Does the breeder have an "Ethical Breeder" page on their website?    0
 10  Does the breeder have a record keeping system and will they show a buyer how their system works?    0
 11  Does the breeder have a "Puppy Buyer" database and stay in touch with their puppy buyers or use RBC online database?    0
 12  Does the breeder have an Ethical Breeder Oath on File?    0
 13  Does the breeder microchip all of their puppies prior to selling them?     0

Unethical Breeding Practices

  

The list of unethical breeding practices below will create negative points if the answer to any question is yes.  Therefore "0" points is a "Good" score and will generate a GREEN light.

Practice Number Un-Ethical Breeding Practice  Stop-Caution-Go  Points
 14  Has the breeder ever bred a dog without having completed the required tests for the breed? (-100) 0
 15  Same as 14 more than once? (-200)=  
 16  Has the breeder ever bred or allowed a dog (female) they sold to another breeder to be bred more than three times? (-100)   0
 17  Same as above but more than one dog (female). (-200)   0
 18  Same as above a third time? (-400)
  0

 

 

Ethical Breeding Practices Summation

  Positive Attributes Total Possible     Positive Attributes Actual Points    Ratio Stop-Caution-Go  
  650  150  23.0769  
 Negative Attributes Total Possible   Negative Attributes Actual Points    Ratio Stop-Caution-Go
 -800  0  

Final Conclusion of Ethical Breeding Practices

 Grand Total Ethical Breeding Points   Rating  Stop-Caution-Go  
 150  Average  

Addendum

Breed Standard

A breed standard is a set of guidelines covering specific externally observable qualities such as appearance, movement, and temperament for that dog breed. Breed standards are not scientific documents, but are written for each breed by clubs of hobbyists called breed clubs for their own specific requirements. Details and definitions within breed standards for a specific dog breed may vary from breed club to breed club and from country to country. Dog breed standards are similar in form and function to breed standards for other domesticated animals.

The ''breed standard'' for each breed of dog is distinct, giving a detailed "word picture of the appearance and behavior of an ''idealized'' dog of that breed. Included in the breed standard description are externally observable aspects of appearance and behavior that are considered by the breed club to be the most important for the breed, and externally observable details of appearance or temperament that are considered by the breed club to be unacceptable. In addition most breed standards include an historical section, describing the place of origin and the original work done by the breed or its ancestor.

However, breed standards do not include testing requirements for health, requirements for genetic testing, or requirements for specific types of training or work; breed standards are only intended to ''describe'' the breed's ''externally observable'' qualities. Breed clubs often make other requirements for health testing or work testing, but these are not covered in the breed standard itself.

Formats and Details

Each recognized breed of dog has a written standard, many of which have been developed and slowly changed over the last few hundred years. Some breeds were described by fanciers in a written breed standard in order to provide guidelines for breeders participating in the sport of conformation.

Faults

In ''breed standards'', the term ''fault'' does not imply that a dog with a fault cannot be a good companion; it is merely an indication that dogs with faults should not be chosen for breeding unless the dog has desirable qualities that outweigh the fault. Faults may be minor, such as a color the breed club has decided is undesirable, or the fault may be major, such as structural problems that would prevent the dog from doing the work for which it was bred. Fault is used to describe an aspect of appearance or temperament that is considered by the breed club to be detrimental to the type of the breed.

 Not Covered by Breed Standards

"Breed standards'' only cover externally observable characteristics of the dog, and even their breed clubs can be very contentious about the exact definition of details. The breed club for each breed may set additional requirements, ones covering qualities not covered by the breed standard, such as rules and guidelines for health testing and work testing. However, since breeders are free to leave and join (or form) another club if the breed club's requirements for breeding become too troublesome to them, there is no effective control over health and working qualities that are not described in the breed standard.

Official Standard of the PugPug Breed Standard

General Appearance

Symmetry and general appearance are decidedly square and cobby. A lean, leggy Pug and a dog with short legs and a long body are equally objectionable.

Size, Proportion, Substance

The Pug should be multum in parvo, and this condensation (if the word may be used) is shown by compactness of form, well knit proportions, and hardness of developed muscle. Weight from 14 to 18 pounds (dog or bitch) desirable. Proportion square.

Head

The head is large, massive, round - not apple-headed, with no indentation of the skull. The eyes are dark in color, very large, bold and prominent, globular in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very lustrous, and, when excited, full of fire. The ears are thin, small, soft, like black velvet. There are two kinds - the "rose" and the "button." Preference is given to the latter. The wrinkles are large and deep. The muzzle is short, blunt, square, but not upfaced. Bite - A Pug's bite should be very slightly undershot.

Neck, Topline, Body

The neck is slightly arched. It is strong, thick, and with enough length to carry the head proudly. The short back is level from the withers to the high tail set. The body is short and cobby, wide in chest and well ribbed up. The tail is curled as tightly as possible over the hip. The double curl is perfection.

Forequarters

The legs are very strong, straight, of moderate length, and are set well under. The elbows should be directly under the withers when viewed from the side. The shoulders are moderately laid back. The pasterns are strong, neither steep nor down. The feet are neither so long as the foot of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well split-up toes, and the nails black. Dewclaws are generally removed.

Hindquarters

The strong, powerful hindquarters have moderate bend of stifle and short hocks perpendicular to the ground. The legs are parallel when viewed from behind. The hindquarters are in balance with the forequarters. The thighs and buttocks are full and muscular. Feet as in front.

Coat

The coat is fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither hard nor woolly.

Color

The colors are fawn or black. The fawn color should be decided so as to make the contrast complete between the color and the trace and mask.

Markings

The markings are clearly defined. The muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead, and the back trace should be as black as possible. The mask should be black. The more intense and well defined it is, the better. The trace is a black line extending from the occiput to the tail.

Gait

Viewed from the front, the forelegs should be carried well forward, showing no weakness in the pasterns, the paws landing squarely with the central toes straight ahead. The rear action should be strong and free through hocks and stifles, with no twisting or turning in or out at the joints. The hind legs should follow in line with the front. There is a slight natural convergence of the limbs both fore and aft. A slight roll of the hindquarters typifies the gait which should be free, self-assured, and jaunty.

Temperament

This is an even-tempered breed, exhibiting stability, playfulness, great charm, dignity, and an outgoing, loving disposition.

Disqualification

- Any color other than fawn or black.

Approved April 8, 2008 Effective June 3, 2008

 

Point Calculation

ResearchBreeder.com's point calculation occurs at a variety of levels.

Breed

Required Breed Test Points

Each breed has a list of required tests. These tests are given the greatest weight in determining scores for the dog, litter, and breed. The breeder receives a certain number of points for having done the test done. Bonus points are awarded based on the results of the test by an approved laboratory authorized to issue a clearance number. 

Required Breed Test Results

Any test has a limited number of result possibilities. For example, if the result possibilities are "Excellent", "Good", "Average", "Fair" and "Poor", the points awarded are as follows;

Excellent = 5, Good = 4, Average = 3, Fair = 2, Poor =1, No result provided = -1.

Regardless of whether the test was done, the breeder, dog, and breed get "Bonus" points for supplying the test results. This also encourages breeders to strive for high quality breedings. 

Optional Breed Tests

In addition to required breed tests there are "Optional" tests which are recommended but not required for the breed and CHIC certification. In addition, if the breed has health related databases the breeder is awarded points under this section for each dog or bitch from for information submitted. These tests are "Scored" in a similar manner as required tests.

Ethics Points

Ethics points are awarded in two ways.  

Ethics Awards Points. EAPs

EAPs are a result of going the extra mile to achieve health breeds for the future. There are several things a breeder can do to receive EAPs.

1) Require dog purchasers to perform required health tests as a part of the purchase contract. In reality, you can't make a purchaser ultimately to do the tests but at least you tried and buyers know what is expected.

2) Agree in the purchase contract to allow the purchaser to return any dog that fails a required test if the test is completed according to the terms of the contract.  Purchasers will be so relieved to know how important it is to the breeder is confident in their breeding practices and genuinely care about the purchasers.

3) Include a "First Right of Refusal" in all contracts requiring if for any reason the purchaser of the dog decides the dog is no longer wanted, the breeder must notified  and be offered the ownership back to you the breeder. 

4) Require purchasers of show stock dogs to agree to not breed dogs without required breed tests being completed and results filed prior to breeding.

5) Filing the "Ethical Breeders Oath" with ResearchBreeder.com.

6) Allowing prospective purchasers or a designated person to visit your kennel.

7) Have a page titled, "Ethical Breeder Policies" on the breeder's website including the list on this page.

8) Keep complete and accurate records for each puppy produced, immunizations given using the ResearchBreeders.com free database.

9) Keep a record including the contact information of the purchasers of all puppies sold by my kennel using the free ResearchBreeders.com database.

10) Micro-chip all puppies prior to placement in buyer's home.

   

Ethics Infraction Points EIPs

 EIPS are the opposite of EAPs. EIPs are negative points for the breeder resulting from poor ethics practices.

1) 1st Time Breeding a dog you own or share ownership with to a dog which did not have all required health tests for the breed, receiving a passing grade for the tests and having the results of the tested recorded.

2) 2nd Time Breeding a dog you own or share ownership with to a dog which did not have all required health tests for the breed, receiving a passing grade for the tests and having the results of the tested recorded.

3) 3rd Time Breeding a male dog in your kennel or providing semen from a dog in your kennel to be used to impregnate a bitch that has already been bred three times in the bitches lifetime.

4) Breeding a bitch from your kennel or not preventing a bitch from your kennel to be bred more than three times in the bitch's lifetime.

Breed Comparisons

ResearchBreeder.com has the ability to compare various aspects of one breed to another. Because each breed has different "Required" and "Optional" tests, RBC's software applies a comparison algorithm in the comparison process to enable the ability to compare breeds fairly. 

 
 

 Sample Contract

 
TYPE of CONTRACT:   (_)Show (_)Pet
 
THIS AGREEMENT, made this the ____ day of September, 2017, by and between
Seller(s),_______________________________________________ and Buyer(s)_________________________________________________________.
 
The venue for this contract is: County: ___________________________________ State:  _________________________. Any litigation brought pursuant to this contract will be litigated in this venue. (The County and state listed above)
 
Breeder(s) agrees to sell on co-ownership, the following Irish Setter identified as follows:
 
AKC Official Registration Information
 
AKC Litter Number: ___________________________ OWNER(S) OF DOG (From AKC Registration form): ____________________________________________. 
NAME OF DOG (From AKC Registration): _________________________________________________.
 
Color:    _______________________ 
 
DATE OF BIRTH: Actual Date: ___________________ Est. Date of Birth: ________________.
 
Limited Registration Provision
 
Definition: For purposes of this contract A “Limited Registration” means the purchasers of the dog identified above will receive an American Kennel Club registration HOWEVER the dog or bitch may not be shown in ANY dog competition or event which is sanctioned by ANY recognized national kennel club. Further the dog or bitched may not be used in ANY breeding regardless of whether a dog used as a part of said breeding with the dog named above is an AKC registered dog or not.
 
Limited Registration Number:  ______________________________  Buyer Initials: __________
 
Purchase Price
 
Total Purchase Price of the Dog named above: $__________________ Deposit: __________
It is agreed by the parties the balance of any amounts due shall be paid by the purchaser at the time physical transfer of the dog takes place.
 
Transportation
 
Buyer(s) are responsible for transportation including any airfare, health clearances and incidental travel expense.
Seller(s) will file registration and Home Again Micro-Chip paperwork with AKC and associated costs are to be paid for by Buyer(s). 
Ownership under this provision shall be transferred by seller and accepted by buyer upon acceptance of the dog named above by the transporter of same.
 
Veterinarian Check
 
SELLER(S) offers a seventy-two (72) hour veterinarian check on DOG at Buyer(s)’ expense. This time period begins at the time of transfer of the dog named above to either the named purchaser or the acceptance of the dog’s transporter.
 
SELLER(S) agrees to a full refund or replacement and BUYER(S) shall relinquish the DOG to SELLER(S), should the dog be found not to be in good health when notified by BUYER(S)
Veterinarian, in writing, within seventy-two (72) hours of transfer of the dog named above to the purchaser OR the transporter of same. 
 
Buyer Acceptance of Dog
 
After 72 hours BUYER(S) shall assume full responsibility for the health, appearance, and temperament of the DOG. BUYER(S) also agrees to have DOG in their possession and to properly socialize, condition and exercise DOG to insure DOG’S proper mental and physical health. BUYER(S) agrees to adhere to the attached Vaccination/Worming/Feeding/ and Conditioning schedule as stated under separate cover.
 
Seller(s) Certification of Health
 
The seller(s) of the puppy named above is in good health as can best be determined as is known.
 
Sire Test Documentation
 
Seller Certifies the following tests have been completed for the sire of the litter as stated above:
 
Sire AKC Registration Number: _______________  Registered Name: ___________________________________________
 

Test Name

Date of Test

Age at Date of Test

Results

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
                        
 
Dam Test Documentation
 
Seller Certifies the following tests have been completed for the dam of the litter as stated above:
Sire AKC Registration Number: _______________   Registered Name: ___________________________________________
 

Test Name

Date of Test

Age at Date of Test

Results

       
       
       
       
       
       
       
                  
 
Future Sale
 
Should BUYER(S) wish to sell, place, or dispose of the DOG in any fashion at any time, SELLER(S) shall have “The First Right of Refusal.” .
 
Kennel and Litter Theme Notification
 
The AKC registration litter registration form has been forwarded to AKC for filing. All puppies will carry the kennel prefix of: _____________________________.
 
The theme for the litter is: _________________________________________.
 
The registration will be filed no later than 35 days after DOG has been placed with BUYER(S). The AKC registration of DOG does not guarantee that DOG will complete an AKC Championship.
 
Buyer Responsibilities
 
BUYER(S) agrees to socialize and/or enroll DOG in a basic obedience class to become knowledgeable and understand the importance of consistent training and control of DOG.  BUYER failure to accomplish this (without just cause) BUYER(S) may be determined to be in default of this contract and all guarantees herein offered shall become null and void.
 
BUYER'(s) agree that DOG will be a house DOG and will not be left in an unprotected and unsafe place when no one is home.
 
DOG will NOT be chained.
 
DOG will be provided a safe FENCED yard and not be allowed to roam.
 
Future Health Tests
 
When DOG is twenty-four (24) months old, BUYER(S) will have DOG’S hips x-rayed for an evaluation by a veterinarian that is qualified by the ORTHOPEDIC FOUNDATION FOR ANIMALS (OFA). The findings of the OFA are to be sent to SELLER(S).
 
Annually, beginning at one (1) year of age DOG shall have a thyroid test. Thyroid test to be evaluated by a facility of like standing to Michigan State University Veterinarian Hospital or HEMOPET (Jean Dodds, DVM) and a written report or copy thereof sent to SELLER(S).
 
Disqualifying Resulting from Future Health Tests
 
If by (2) years DOG develops any disqualifying show faults as defined in the official AKC Breed Standard, or DOG is not certified by OFA at 24 months old as having normal hips for breeding,
BUYER(S) may utilize any of the following options. (Not applicable for pet homes) A reduced fee of one-half of purchase price of another dog from SELLER(S)’s next available litter, and after BUYER(S) shows proof to SELLER(S) that DOG has been rendered sterile.
 
If BUYER(S) wishes to sell DOG after DOG is rendered sterile, BUYER(S) must notify SELLER(S) before DOG is sold and placed in a new home. 
BUYER(S) reserve the right to work with SELLER(S) in the selection of an appropriate new  home for DOG. There shall be no monetary compensation to BUYER(S) by SELLER(S).  The sale shall constitute a refund.
 
If DOG’S hips are evaluated by OFA as having crippling hip dysplasia SELLER(S) will offer a replacement dog of equal value from SELLER(S)’s next available litter.
If BUYER(S) breeds DOG before DOG’s hips have been preliminary x-rayed clear before the age of two (2) years, and/or certified by OFA as being normal, SELLER(S) shall have the right to redeem DOG from BUYER(S) for no fee as BUYER'(S) actions shall be deemed a direct violation of this Contract.
 
If DOG is a female, BUYER(S) may keep all resulting pups from this breeding, however SELLER(S) shall have the same right to redeem DOG from BUYER(S) for no fee as BUYER'(S) actions shall be deemed a direct violation of this Contract.
 
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
 
Each provision of this Contract is intended to be severable.  If one or more of the provisions of this Contract shall for any reason be held invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any respect, such invalidity, illegality or unenforceability shall not affect or impair any other provisions of this Contract, but this Contract shall be construed as if such invalid, illegal or unenforceable provision had not been contained herein.
 
SELLER(S) SHALL HAVE THE RIGHT TO CHECK IN ON DOG TO ASSURE THAT THIS DOG IS BEING KEPT IN GOOD PHYSICAL HEALTH AND CONDITION.  IF DOG IS FOUND TO BE IN POOR HEALTH, SELLER(S) HAS THE RIGHT TO TAKE DOG TO A LICENSED VETERINARIAN FOR EVALUATION AND/OR TREATMENT.  SELLER(S) SHALL THEN HAVE THE RIGHT TO REDEEM DOG WITH NO MONEY REFUNDED TO BUYER(S), AS THIS MISTREATMENT SHALL BE DEEMED A VIOLIATION OF THIS CONTRACT. BUYER(S) DOES AGREE TO MAKE THIS DOG A PART OF THE FAMILY BY NOT KEEPING DOG OUTDOORS AT ALL TIMES. THIS Five (5) PAGE SALES CONTRACT HAS BEEN READ BY BOTH THE UNDERSIGNED BUYER(S) AND SELLER(S) AND THEIR SIGNATURES AFFIXED HEREON SHALL ATTEST TO THEIR COMPLETE AGREEMENT AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONTENTS HEREIN. THERE ARE NO VERBAL PROMISES OR BOTH PARTIES SHALL HONOR COMMITMENTS OFFERED TO BUYER(S) ON THIS DOG, ONLY THOSE GUARANTEES LISTED HEREIN. THIS SHALL BE DEEMED A LEGAL AND BINDING CONTRACT AND FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH ITS TERMS AND CONDITIONS COULD RESULT IN A LEGAL ACTION BEING FILED, WITH THE PARTY AT FAULT BEING RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY LEGAL FEES INCURRED BY THE OPPOSING PARTY.  IF BUYER(S) IS FOUND TO BE IN VIOLATION OF THIS CONTRACT AND SELLER(S) LEGALLY REDEEMS DOG, BUYER(S) AGREES TO SIGN OVER TO SELLER(S) THE OFFICIAL AKC REGISTRATION OF DOG(S) AS SOON AS A JUDGMENT HAS BEEN MADE BY THE COURT.
 
Signatures and Contact Information  
 
SELLER(S): Signature: ________________________________________________    Print Name: ________________________________________________
 
Address: ________________________________________________
City/State/Zip: ________________________________________________
Phone:  ________________________________________________
  
BUYER(S): Signature: ________________________________________________    Print Name: ________________________________________________
 
Address: ________________________________________________
City/State/Zip: ________________________________________________
Phone:  ________________________________________________
 

Sample Buyer Questionairre

The following pages reflect typical questions an ethical breeder should ask all potential purchasers of dogs from their kennel. There could be more questions than the one included in this sample questionnaire but these are a minimum.  If the breeder you are considering does not have a similar questionnaire for you to complete, YOU SHOULD BE Concerned.

 

This questionnaire is provided to you to help us get to know you and to inquire into your interest in owning a/an I________________ (Breed).  We would appreciate your answers to the following questions.  The answers to the questions are important and most helpful in deciding the correct placement of each puppy with its new owner(s).  The puppy’s welfare is our foremost requirement in considering placement.  Answer the questions below completely and return this form to us in a timely manner.  If you have questions, please contact us.  Thank you for your interest in our dogs.

Print your name(s), as you would wish it to appear on the AKC registration

Name(s):         _______________________________________________________________

                        _______________________________________________________________

Address:          _______________________________________________________________

Phone #:          _______________________________

E-mail Add:     ________________________            _______________________________________

Best time to reach you:          ___________________________________________________

How were you referred to us?            _______________________________________

Gender preference:    Prefer  Male or Female                      (circle one)

I want a dog for: (check all that apply).

            __Home                                              _____Breeding                                   _____Agility Competition

            ___Pet AKA Family Member              _____Conformation Show                   _____Hunting

            _____Companion                               _____Top Show

            _____Guard/Protection                      _____Obedience Ring

  1. Who will be the primary care giver?
  1. Where will the puppy be kept during the night?
  1. Where will the puppy be kept during the day?
  1. Is anyone home during the day?
  1. How many hours, on average, will the puppy be left alone?
  1. Will there be someone available to feed and exercise the puppy during the day?
  1. Have you ever owned a dog before? If so, do you still have the dog and if not – please explain why not? 
  1. Have you ever owned an Irish Setter before?
  1. What attracted you to the Irish Setter?
  1. Do you have any other animals? If so, what kind? 
  1. Do you have any children? If so, what are their ages? 
  1. Will your puppy be welcomed by all your family members?
  1. Does anyone in your household have allergies to animals? If yes, to what and how severe? 
  1. Have you considered an older dog instead of a puppy?
  1. What do you expect the activity level of this breed to be: (circle one)  Normal   High Energy.

            very high                     high                 moderate                    low

  1. What kind of floor surfaces will the puppy be on in the house?
  1. Have you ever house trained a dog before?
  1. Will you be attending any training classes? If yes, at what age will you start, which activities are you most interested in, and who is the trainer?
  1. Are you interested in showing your dog in the conformation ring?
  1. Have you ever shown a dog to it’s AKC Championship?
  1. Are you interested in competition in performance events such as obedience, agility, hunting, herding, etc.
  1. Have you ever returned a pet to the breeder? If yes, what were the circumstances? 
  1. Have you ever given a pet away? If yes, please explain the circumstances? 
  1. Have you ever taken an animal to the pound or animal shelter? If yes, what were the circumstances?
  1. Do you intend to breed this dog?
  1. Do you understand the difference between a limited registration and a full registration with the American Kennel Club?
  1. How long have you lived at this address?
  1. Type of dwelling:
  1. How will the puppy be confined when he/she is outside? Do you have a fenced yard or a suitable enclosure?
  1. If renting, please give name, address, and phone number of landlord.
  1. Provide the name, address and phone number of your veterinarian. If this is your first         puppy, have you researched and made personal contact with any veterinarian services available to you to determine where the best needs for the puppy will be?
   
   
  1. Are you ready to make a fifteen year commitment in time, energy and financial resources to a new puppy in order to provide a safe, healthy, and nurturing environment?
  1. Are you aware that AKC and other insurance companies offer pet health insurance policies? Would you be interested in receiving information about Pet Health Insurance?
  2. Please provide the names and phone numbers of three references who would understand your capacity to provide a loving home for an Irish Setter Puppy.

            Name: _______________________________________________________

Phone: ____________________________

            Name: _______________________________________________________

Phone: ____________________________

            Name: _______________________________________________________

Phone: ____________________________

Thank you for taking the time to complete our questionnaire. We want to provide each puppy with the safest and most loving home that is possible. We do not breed a lot and their welfare is very important to us.

Questions You Should Ask Your Breeder

Question Purpose
How many litters a year do you have? This will alert you to breeding practices.
How many litters have you had since you started breeding? This will alert you to breeding practices.
Have you had any health issues arise in your breeding’s that I should be aware of? This will alert you to the honesty of the breeder as every breeder who has bred long enough has had some issue in all likelihood. A flat out denial of any issues is a huge red flag.
Do the sire and dam have Health Clearances? (CHIC) This will alert you to Health History.
Can I have copies of these Health Clearances? This will alert you to if this is an actual clearance by approved labs and specialists in their field or just screening by general veterinarians and not specialist approved for clearances.
What warranty do you offer in writing? Contracts should offer a time frame for warranty and a return policy. This will alert you to how confident the breeder is in their breeding program by the length of guarantee and what they guarantee.
Can I visit your facility? This will alert you to the type of environment your puppy will come from.
Are the sire and dam on the premises? This will alert you to the health and condition of the parents.
What vaccines do you use? This will alert you to how educated the breeder is and how safe the breeder is. Example: do they order non immune system oppressive vaccines or are they using cheap feed store vaccines.
What food do you feed? This will alert you to the quality of food for the wellbeing of the puppy is being used.

 Breed Questionnaire

 
PUG
     All Responding
891
 Males only
440
 Females only
413
New or repeat user for survey
Have you taken this survey previously for another dog?
  N   548  (61.5%)
  Y   307  (34.5%)
 
Owner Information
How many Pugs do you currently own?
  1 TO 3   437  (49%)
  NONE   58  (6.5%)
  4 TO 6   35  (3.9%)
  11 TO 15   11  (1.2%)
  7 TO 10   7  (0.8%)
  MORE THAN 15   4  (0.4%)
  6 TO 10   3  (0.3%)
 
How many years have you owned Pugs?
  5 TO 10 YEARS   180  (20.2%)
  LESS THAN 5 YEARS   144  (16.2%)
  10 TO 15 YEARS   122  (13.7%)
  OVER 15 YEARS   105  (11.8%)
 
Where did you obtain your Pug(s)?
  DIRECTLY FROM A BREEDER   332  (37.3%)
  OTHER   126  (14.1%)
  BREED RESCUE   81  (9.1%)
  BRED IT MYSELF   56  (6.3%)
  PET STORE   51  (5.7%)
  SHELTER   44  (4.9%)
  ONLINE BREEDER   11  (1.2%)
 
Are you a member of the Pug Dog Club of America?
  N   473  (53.1%)
  Y   82  (9.2%)
 
Dog Information
What sex is this dog?
  MALE   440  (49.4%)   440  (100%)   0  (0%)
  FEMALE   413  (46.4%)   0  (0%)   413  (100%)
 
Is this dog still living?
  Y   615  (69%)   316  (71.8%)   298  (72.2%)
  N   229  (25.7%)   118  (26.8%)   111  (26.9%)
 
What is/was the overall health of this dog?
  EXCELLENT   363  (40.7%)   182  (41.4%)   181  (43.8%)
  GOOD   340  (38.2%)   181  (41.1%)   158  (38.3%)
  FAIR   116  (13%)   62  (14.1%)   54  (13.1%)
  POOR   31  (3.5%)   12  (2.7%)   19  (4.6%)
 
Has this dog had significant health problems?
  N   524  (58.8%)   270  (61.4%)   253  (61.3%)
  Y   320  (35.9%)   164  (37.3%)   156  (37.8%)
 
Is this dog spayed/neutered?
  Y   611  (68.6%)   299  (68%)   311  (75.3%)
  N   230  (25.8%)   135  (30.7%)   95  (23%)
 
What Vaccinations has this dog received?
  RABIES   768  (86.2%)   405  (92%)   362  (87.7%)
  DISTEMPER   744  (83.5%)   383  (87%)   360  (87.2%)
  BORDETELLA   535  (60%)   274  (62.3%)   260  (63%)
  CORONAVIRUS   360  (40.4%)   190  (43.2%)   169  (40.9%)
  CANINE INFLUENZA   332  (37.3%)   173  (39.3%)   158  (38.3%)
  HEPATITIS   330  (37%)   165  (37.5%)   164  (39.7%)
  LEPTOSPIROSIS   264  (29.6%)   144  (32.7%)   119  (28.8%)
  LYME DISEASE   190  (21.3%)   99  (22.5%)   91  (22%)
  OTHER VACCINATIONS   88  (9.9%)   44  (10%)   44  (10.7%)
  NO REGULAR VACCINATIONS   44  (4.9%)   17  (3.9%)   27  (6.5%)
 
How frequently is this dog vaccinated?
  YEARLY   397  (44.6%)   214  (48.6%)   182  (44.1%)
  EVERY THREE YEARS   225  (25.3%)   119  (27%)   106  (25.7%)
  ONLY WHEN TITERS INDICATE MY DOG IS NOT PROTECTED   108  (12.1%)   47  (10.7%)   61  (14.8%)
  EVERY TWO YEARS   78  (8.8%)   41  (9.3%)   37  (9%)
  THIS DOG IS NOT VACCINATED   23  (2.6%)   11  (2.5%)   12  (2.9%)
 
Has this dog had a reaction to a vaccine?
  N   719  (80.7%)   374  (85%)   344  (83.3%)
  Y   119  (13.4%)   59  (13.4%)   60  (14.5%)
 
How often do you run titers on this dog?
  DO NOT RUN TITERS ON THIS DOG   569  (63.9%)   301  (68.4%)   267  (64.6%)
  ONLY WHEN NEEDED   187  (21%)   94  (21.4%)   93  (22.5%)
  ANNUALLY   59  (6.6%)   32  (7.3%)   27  (6.5%)
  BI-ANNUALLY   29  (3.3%)   8  (1.8%)   21  (5.1%)
 
Followup dog information
What is the current age of this dog?
  8 YEARS   51  (5.7%)   33  (7.5%)   18  (4.4%)
  4 YEARS   51  (5.7%)   21  (4.8%)   30  (7.3%)
  2 YEARS   43  (4.8%)   22  (5%)   21  (5.1%)
  7 YEARS   42  (4.7%)   23  (5.2%)   19  (4.6%)
  6 YEARS   42  (4.7%)   19  (4.3%)   23  (5.6%)
  1 YEAR   39  (4.4%)   20  (4.5%)   19  (4.6%)
  9 YEARS   36  (4%)   15  (3.4%)   21  (5.1%)
  5 YEARS   35  (3.9%)   15  (3.4%)   20  (4.8%)
  3 YEARS   35  (3.9%)   16  (3.6%)   19  (4.6%)
  12 YEARS   31  (3.5%)   16  (3.6%)   14  (3.4%)
  10 YEARS   30  (3.4%)   14  (3.2%)   16  (3.9%)
  0-6 MONTHS   27  (3%)   13  (3%)   14  (3.4%)
  6-12 MONTHS   23  (2.6%)   14  (3.2%)   9  (2.2%)
  11 YEARS   21  (2.4%)   8  (1.8%)   13  (3.1%)
  13 YEARS   15  (1.7%)   4  (0.9%)   11  (2.7%)
  15+ YEARS   14  (1.6%)   9  (2%)   5  (1.2%)
  14 YEARS   11  (1.2%)   9  (2%)   2  (0.5%)
 
At what age did this dog die?
  13 YEARS   28  (3.1%)   14  (3.2%)   14  (3.4%)
  15+ YEARS   23  (2.6%)   10  (2.3%)   13  (3.1%)
  14 YEARS   21  (2.4%)   11  (2.5%)   10  (2.4%)
  12 YEARS   19  (2.1%)   11  (2.5%)   8  (1.9%)
  11 YEARS   19  (2.1%)   12  (2.7%)   7  (1.7%)
  10 YEARS   16  (1.8%)   9  (2%)   7  (1.7%)
  9 YEARS   14  (1.6%)   6  (1.4%)   8  (1.9%)
  7 YEARS   14  (1.6%)   7  (1.6%)   7  (1.7%)
  8 YEARS   12  (1.3%)   6  (1.4%)   6  (1.5%)
  6 YEARS   9  (1%)   4  (0.9%)   5  (1.2%)
  3 YEARS   9  (1%)   6  (1.4%)   3  (0.7%)
  0-6 MONTHS   7  (0.8%)   2  (0.5%)   5  (1.2%)
  5 YEARS   6  (0.7%)   4  (0.9%)   2  (0.5%)
  4 YEARS   6  (0.7%)   3  (0.7%)   3  (0.7%)
  2 YEARS   5  (0.6%)   2  (0.5%)   3  (0.7%)
  6-12 MONTHS   4  (0.4%)   1  (0.2%)   3  (0.7%)
  1 YEAR   3  (0.3%)   1  (0.2%)   2  (0.5%)
 
Was a necropsy/autopsy performed?
  N   198  (22.2%)   104  (23.6%)   94  (22.8%)
  Y   23  (2.6%)   10  (2.3%)   13  (3.1%)
 
At what age was this dog altered?
  LESS THAN 1 YEAR OF AGE   322  (36.1%)   167  (38%)   155  (37.5%)
  OLDER THAN 2 YEARS   166  (18.6%)   68  (15.5%)   97  (23.5%)
  FROM 1 TO 2 YEARS   109  (12.2%)   52  (11.8%)   57  (13.8%)
 
At what age did this dog begin to have significant health issues?
  FROM 6 TO 10 YEARS OF AGE   105  (11.8%)   53  (12%)   52  (12.6%)
  FROM 2 TO 5 YEARS OF AGE   83  (9.3%)   45  (10.2%)   38  (9.2%)
  BETWEEN 6 MONTHS AND 2 YEARS   60  (6.7%)   27  (6.1%)   33  (8%)
  OVER 10 YEARS OF AGE   38  (4.3%)   21  (4.8%)   17  (4.1%)
  0-6 MONTHS   38  (4.3%)   18  (4.1%)   20  (4.8%)
 
Genetic test screenings
Has this dog had an OFA exam for Hip Dysplasia?
  N   749  (84.1%)   391  (88.9%)   357  (86.4%)
  Y   94  (10.5%)   44  (10%)   50  (12.1%)
 
Has this dog had a hip dysplasia exam from another organization/entity?
  N   788  (88.4%)   412  (93.6%)   375  (90.8%)
  Y   55  (6.2%)   22  (5%)   33  (8%)
 
Has this dog had an OFA elbow dysplasia examination?
  N   775  (87%)   406  (92.3%)   368  (89.1%)
  Y   61  (6.8%)   24  (5.5%)   37  (9%)
 
Has this dog had a Patellar Luxation examination?
  N   581  (65.2%)   317  (72%)   263  (63.7%)
  Y   266  (29.9%)   120  (27.3%)   146  (35.4%)
 
Has this dog had an OFA exam for thyroid disorders?
  N   790  (88.7%)   408  (92.7%)   381  (92.3%)
  Y   53  (5.9%)   24  (5.5%)   29  (7%)
 
Has this dog had an eye exam registered with either the OFA or CERF?
  N   692  (77.7%)   358  (81.4%)   333  (80.6%)
  Y   145  (16.3%)   72  (16.4%)   73  (17.7%)
 
Has this dog been tested for Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)?
  N   782  (87.8%)   404  (91.8%)   377  (91.3%)
  Y   56  (6.3%)   29  (6.6%)   27  (6.5%)
 
Has this dog been tested for Necrotizing Meningoencephalitis (NME)?
  N   738  (82.8%)   393  (89.3%)   344  (83.3%)
  Y   100  (11.2%)   40  (9.1%)   60  (14.5%)
 
Has this dog ever had its bile acids tested?
  N   793  (89%)   414  (94.1%)   378  (91.5%)
  Y   47  (5.3%)   22  (5%)   25  (6.1%)
 
Has this dog had an OFA Cardiac screening?
  N   806  (90.5%)   421  (95.7%)   384  (93%)
  Y   41  (4.6%)   18  (4.1%)   23  (5.6%)
 
Genetic test screenings followup
What was this dog's OFA hip grade?
  GOOD HIPS   32  (3.6%)   18  (4.1%)   14  (3.4%)
  MILD HIP DYSPLASIA   20  (2.2%)   12  (2.7%)   8  (1.9%)
  MODERATE HIP DYSPLASIA   15  (1.7%)   5  (1.1%)   10  (2.4%)
  EXCELLENT HIPS   11  (1.2%)   4  (0.9%)   7  (1.7%)
  FAIR HIPS   9  (1%)   3  (0.7%)   6  (1.5%)
  SEVERE HIP DYSPLASIA   5  (0.6%)   2  (0.5%)   3  (0.7%)
  BORDERLINE/EQUIVOCAL   1  (0.1%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.2%)
 
What was the result of this dog's hip evaluation from an organization other than the OFA?
  HIP DYSPLASIA   29  (3.3%)   11  (2.5%)   18  (4.4%)
  NO RADIOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE OF HIP DYSPLASIA   26  (2.9%)   11  (2.5%)   15  (3.6%)
 
What was the result of this dog's elbow dysplasia examination?
  NORMAL ELBOWS   48  (5.4%)   20  (4.5%)   28  (6.8%)
  GRADE 1 ELBOW DYSPLASIA   6  (0.7%)   1  (0.2%)   5  (1.2%)
  GRADE 2 ELBOW DYSPLASIA   5  (0.6%)   2  (0.5%)   3  (0.7%)
 
What was the result of this dog's patellar luxation examination?
  NO PATELLAR LUXATION   192  (21.5%)   93  (21.1%)   99  (24%)
  GRADE 1 PATELLAR LUXATION   30  (3.4%)   12  (2.7%)   18  (4.4%)
  GRADE 2 PATELLAR LUXATION   21  (2.4%)   6  (1.4%)   15  (3.6%)
  GRADE 3 PATELLAR LUXATION   15  (1.7%)   6  (1.4%)   9  (2.2%)
  GRADE 4 PATELLAR LUXATION   5  (0.6%)   2  (0.5%)   3  (0.7%)
 
What was the result of this dog's thyroid examination?
  THYROID NORMAL   43  (4.8%)   20  (4.5%)   23  (5.6%)
  IDIOPATHICALLY REDUCED THYROID FUNCTION   8  (0.9%)   4  (0.9%)   4  (1%)
  AUTOIMMUNE THYROIDITIS   3  (0.3%)   0  (0%)   3  (0.7%)
 
What was the result of this dog's OFA ECR/CERF examination?
  OFA ECR/CERF NORMAL   87  (9.8%)   42  (9.5%)   45  (10.9%)
  ECR?CERF ABNORMAL, SUSPECTED INHERITED CONDITION (NO CERF NUMBER)   17  (1.9%)   11  (2.5%)   6  (1.5%)
  ECR/CERF PASSED WITH BREEDER OPTION   17  (1.9%)   6  (1.4%)   11  (2.7%)
  OFA ECR/CERF ABNORMAL, ACQUIRED CONDITION (NO CERF NUMBER)   12  (1.3%)   9  (2%)   3  (0.7%)
 
What was the result of this dog's DM test?
  NORMAL (N/N)   32  (3.6%)   18  (4.1%)   14  (3.4%)
  CARRIER (A/N)   15  (1.7%)   6  (1.4%)   9  (2.2%)
  AT RISK (A/A)   7  (0.8%)   5  (1.1%)   2  (0.5%)
 
What was the result of this dog's NME test?
  CLEAR   62  (7%)   26  (5.9%)   36  (8.7%)
  CARRIER   26  (2.9%)   11  (2.5%)   15  (3.6%)
  AFFECTED   10  (1.1%)   2  (0.5%)   8  (1.9%)
 
What was the result of this dog's cardiac screening?
  NO MURMUR PRESENT/NORMAL   36  (4%)   14  (3.2%)   22  (5.3%)
  GRADE 1 MURMUR   2  (0.2%)   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.2%)
  GRADE 3 MURMUR   1  (0.1%)   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)
  GRADE 2 MURMUR   1  (0.1%)   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)
 
Has your dog been diagnosed with any of the following health issues?
Cancer or Tumors?
  N   735  (82.5%)   375  (85.2%)   359  (86.9%)
  Y   106  (11.9%)   62  (14.1%)   43  (10.4%)
 
Gastrointestinal disorders?
  N   792  (88.9%)   408  (92.7%)   383  (92.7%)
  Y   48  (5.4%)   24  (5.5%)   23  (5.6%)
 
Cardiovascular disorders?
  N   820  (92%)   422  (95.9%)   397  (96.1%)
  Y   19  (2.1%)   11  (2.5%)   8  (1.9%)
 
Respiratory disorders?
  N   736  (82.6%)   383  (87%)   352  (85.2%)
  Y   106  (11.9%)   49  (11.1%)   57  (13.8%)
 
Eye disorders?
  N   578  (64.9%)   286  (65%)   291  (70.5%)
  Y   265  (29.7%)   148  (33.6%)   117  (28.3%)
 
Ear disorders?
  N   711  (79.8%)   352  (80%)   358  (86.7%)
  Y   121  (13.6%)   77  (17.5%)   44  (10.7%)
 
Neurological and/or Muscular disorders?
  N   708  (79.5%)   364  (82.7%)   343  (83.1%)
  Y   126  (14.1%)   67  (15.2%)   59  (14.3%)
 
Skin disorders?
  N   702  (78.8%)   362  (82.3%)   339  (82.1%)
  Y   138  (15.5%)   70  (15.9%)   68  (16.5%)
 
Liver disorders?
  N   796  (89.3%)   407  (92.5%)   388  (93.9%)
  Y   34  (3.8%)   18  (4.1%)   16  (3.9%)
 
Orthopedic disorders?
  N   689  (77.3%)   352  (80%)   336  (81.4%)
  Y   139  (15.6%)   72  (16.4%)   67  (16.2%)
 
Blood/Lymph disorders?
  N   818  (91.8%)   422  (95.9%)   395  (95.6%)
  Y   10  (1.1%)   4  (0.9%)   6  (1.5%)
 
Endocrine/metabolic disorders?
  N   786  (88.2%)   402  (91.4%)   383  (92.7%)
  Y   43  (4.8%)   22  (5%)   21  (5.1%)
 
Kidney disorders?
  N   799  (89.7%)   410  (93.2%)   388  (93.9%)
  Y   33  (3.7%)   16  (3.6%)   17  (4.1%)
 
Reproductive disorders?
  N   788  (88.4%)   407  (92.5%)   380  (92%)
  Y   32  (3.6%)   12  (2.7%)   20  (4.8%)
 
Dental disorders?
  N   682  (76.5%)   344  (78.2%)   337  (81.6%)
  Y   142  (15.9%)   81  (18.4%)   61  (14.8%)
 
Immune system disorders?
  N   799  (89.7%)   418  (95%)   381  (92.3%)
  Y   28  (3.1%)   8  (1.8%)   20  (4.8%)
 
Allergy disorders?
  N   651  (73.1%)   335  (76.1%)   316  (76.5%)
  Y   186  (20.9%)   94  (21.4%)   92  (22.3%)
 
Temperament issues/disorders?
  N   807  (90.6%)   419  (95.2%)   387  (93.7%)
  Y   34  (3.8%)   13  (3%)   21  (5.1%)
 
Cancer Types
What cancer types has this dog been diagnosed with?
  MAST CELL TUMOR   47  (5.3%)   27  (6.1%)   20  (4.8%)
  OTHER CANCER   31  (3.5%)   17  (3.9%)   14  (3.4%)
  MAMMARY CANCER   4  (0.4%)   0  (0%)   4  (1%)
  GASTRIC   4  (0.4%)   3  (0.7%)   1  (0.2%)
  PANCREATIC   3  (0.3%)   3  (0.7%)   0  (0%)
  LEUKEMIA   3  (0.3%)   2  (0.5%)   1  (0.2%)
  SQUAMOUS CELL CANCER   2  (0.2%)   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.2%)
  SEBACEOUS GLAND CANCER   2  (0.2%)   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.2%)
  OSTEOSARCOMA   2  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   2  (0.5%)
  LYMPHOSARCOMA   2  (0.2%)   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.2%)
  HEMANGIOSARCOMA   2  (0.2%)   2  (0.5%)   0  (0%)
  TESTICULAR CANCER   1  (0.1%)   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)
  PITUITARY TUMORS   1  (0.1%)   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)
 
Was this cancer diagnosis confirmed by biopsy/histology?
  Y   76  (8.5%)   44  (10%)   32  (7.7%)
  N   24  (2.7%)   15  (3.4%)   9  (2.2%)
 
How was this cancer treated?
  SURGERY   52  (5.8%)   28  (6.4%)   24  (5.8%)
  NO TREATMENT   38  (4.3%)   25  (5.7%)   13  (3.1%)
  ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES (ACUPUNCTURE, HERBAL, DIET, ETC.)   12  (1.3%)   6  (1.4%)   6  (1.5%)
  CHEMOTHERAPY   7  (0.8%)   4  (0.9%)   3  (0.7%)
  A COMBINATION OF RADIATION AND CHEMOTHERAPY   3  (0.3%)   2  (0.5%)   1  (0.2%)
  RADIATION   2  (0.2%)   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.2%)
 
What was the survival time after diagnosis?
  OVER 3 YEARS   39  (4.4%)   18  (4.1%)   21  (5.1%)
  LESS THAN 1 MONTH   22  (2.5%)   15  (3.4%)   7  (1.7%)
  1 TO 3 YEARS   16  (1.8%)   11  (2.5%)   5  (1.2%)
  LESS THAN 3 MONTHS   10  (1.1%)   6  (1.4%)   4  (1%)
  LESS THAN 1 YEAR   6  (0.7%)   3  (0.7%)   3  (0.7%)
  LESS THAN 6 MONTHS   3  (0.3%)   2  (0.5%)   1  (0.2%)
 
Gastrointestinal Problems
What types of gastrointestinal problems has this dog been diagnosed with?
  OTHER   18  (2%)   7  (1.6%)   11  (2.7%)
  DIARRHEA, INTERMITTENT   15  (1.7%)   6  (1.4%)   9  (2.2%)
  INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE   13  (1.5%)   8  (1.8%)   5  (1.2%)
  COLITIS   6  (0.7%)   3  (0.7%)   3  (0.7%)
  DIARRHEA, CHRONIC   4  (0.4%)   2  (0.5%)   2  (0.5%)
 
Cardiac Disorders
What cardiac disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
  CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE   7  (0.8%)   6  (1.4%)   1  (0.2%)
  OTHER   6  (0.7%)   3  (0.7%)   3  (0.7%)
  CARDIOMYOPATHY   5  (0.6%)   2  (0.5%)   3  (0.7%)
  PERSISTENT RIGHT AORTIC ARCH (PRAA)   1  (0.1%)   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)
  PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSIS (PDA)   1  (0.1%)   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)
  MITRAL VALVE DEFECT   1  (0.1%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.2%)
  DEGENERATIVE VALVE DISEASE   1  (0.1%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.2%)
 
Respiratory Disorders
What respiratory disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
  ELONGATED SOFT PALATE   44  (4.9%)   26  (5.9%)   18  (4.4%)
  BRACHYCEPHALIC SYNDROME   38  (4.3%)   14  (3.2%)   24  (5.8%)
  COLLAPSED TRACHEA   30  (3.4%)   12  (2.7%)   18  (4.4%)
  STENOSIS NARES   22  (2.5%)   11  (2.5%)   11  (2.7%)
  OTHER   19  (2.1%)   8  (1.8%)   11  (2.7%)
  EVERTED SACCULES   16  (1.8%)   8  (1.8%)   8  (1.9%)
  LARYNGEAL COLLAPSE   6  (0.7%)   1  (0.2%)   5  (1.2%)
  LUNG LOBE TORSION   4  (0.4%)   1  (0.2%)   3  (0.7%)
  LARYNGEAL PARALYSIS   3  (0.3%)   2  (0.5%)   1  (0.2%)
 
Eye disorders
What eye disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
  PIGMENTARY KERATOPATHY   160  (18%)   89  (20.2%)   71  (17.2%)
  DRY EYE   91  (10.2%)   49  (11.1%)   42  (10.2%)
  CORNEAL ULCER   57  (6.4%)   28  (6.4%)   29  (7%)
  CATARACTS, SENILE   40  (4.5%)   22  (5%)   18  (4.4%)
  OTHER   32  (3.6%)   19  (4.3%)   13  (3.1%)
  ENTROPION   30  (3.4%)   18  (4.1%)   12  (2.9%)
  DISTICHIASIS   12  (1.3%)   3  (0.7%)   9  (2.2%)
  PROGRESSIVE RETINAL ATROPHY (PRA)   5  (0.6%)   3  (0.7%)   2  (0.5%)
  PERSISTENT PUPILLARY MEMBRANE (PPM)   5  (0.6%)   3  (0.7%)   2  (0.5%)
  CATARACTS, JUVENILE   5  (0.6%)   3  (0.7%)   2  (0.5%)
  GLAUCOMA   4  (0.4%)   3  (0.7%)   1  (0.2%)
  ECTROPION   4  (0.4%)   3  (0.7%)   1  (0.2%)
  CORNEAL DYSTROPHY   4  (0.4%)   4  (0.9%)   0  (0%)
  RETINAL FOLDS (PUPPY FOLDS)   3  (0.3%)   3  (0.7%)   0  (0%)
  IRIS HYPOPLASIA   3  (0.3%)   1  (0.2%)   2  (0.5%)
  RETINAL DYSPLASIA   1  (0.1%)   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)
  CHERRY EYE   1  (0.1%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.2%)
 
Ear disorders
What ear disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
  CHRONIC EAR INFECTION   93  (10.4%)   62  (14.1%)   31  (7.5%)
  DEAFNESS, BILATERAL (BOTH EARS)   29  (3.3%)   18  (4.1%)   11  (2.7%)
  OTHER   14  (1.6%)   8  (1.8%)   6  (1.5%)
  MALFORMATION OF THE EAR CANAL   5  (0.6%)   2  (0.5%)   3  (0.7%)
  DEAFNESS, UNILATERAL (ONE EAR)   5  (0.6%)   4  (0.9%)   1  (0.2%)
 
Neurologic disorders
What neurological and/or muscular disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
  ATAXIA   38  (4.3%)   23  (5.2%)   15  (3.6%)
  OTHER   31  (3.5%)   18  (4.1%)   13  (3.1%)
  INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DISEASE   26  (2.9%)   15  (3.4%)   11  (2.7%)
  EPILEPSY/SEIZURES   26  (2.9%)   10  (2.3%)   16  (3.9%)
  DEGENERATIVE MYELOPATHY   21  (2.4%)   12  (2.7%)   9  (2.2%)
  CONSTRICTIVE MYELOPATHY OF PUGS   13  (1.5%)   7  (1.6%)   6  (1.5%)
  NECROTIZING MENINGOENCEPHALITIS (NME) AKA PUG DOG ENCEPHALITIS (PDE)   12  (1.3%)   3  (0.7%)   9  (2.2%)
  SPINAL STENOSIS   7  (0.8%)   5  (1.1%)   2  (0.5%)
  CERVICAL VERTEBRAL INSTABILITY (WOBBLERS)   6  (0.7%)   2  (0.5%)   4  (1%)
  SPINAL DEMYELINATION   3  (0.3%)   1  (0.2%)   2  (0.5%)
  LUMBOSACRAL STENOSIS   1  (0.1%)   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)
 
Skin disorders
What skin/nail/pad disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
  YEAST INFECTIONS   58  (6.5%)   30  (6.8%)   28  (6.8%)
  OTHER   47  (5.3%)   27  (6.1%)   20  (4.8%)
  STAPH INFECTIONS   29  (3.3%)   18  (4.1%)   11  (2.7%)
  DEMODECTIC MANGE   22  (2.5%)   12  (2.7%)   10  (2.4%)
  AUTOIMMUNE SKIN DISEASE   10  (1.1%)   3  (0.7%)   7  (1.7%)
  SEBORRHEA   9  (1%)   6  (1.4%)   3  (0.7%)
  DRY, CRACKED PADS   5  (0.6%)   3  (0.7%)   2  (0.5%)
  ALOPECIA   5  (0.6%)   2  (0.5%)   3  (0.7%)
 
Liver disorders
What liver disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
  OTHER   12  (1.3%)   8  (1.8%)   4  (1%)
  PORTOSYSTEMIC SHUNTS   10  (1.1%)   2  (0.5%)   8  (1.9%)
  MICROVASCULAR DYSPLASIA   8  (0.9%)   3  (0.7%)   5  (1.2%)
  LIVER FAILURE   7  (0.8%)   5  (1.1%)   2  (0.5%)
  HEPATITIS   1  (0.1%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.2%)
 
Orthopedic disorders
What orthopedic disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
  ARTHRITIS   57  (6.4%)   25  (5.7%)   32  (7.7%)
  PATELLAR LUXATION   40  (4.5%)   16  (3.6%)   24  (5.8%)
  VERTEBRAL ANOMALIES   35  (3.9%)   15  (3.4%)   20  (4.8%)
  HIP DYSPLASIA   30  (3.4%)   13  (3%)   17  (4.1%)
  OTHER   20  (2.2%)   14  (3.2%)   6  (1.5%)
  ELBOW DYSPLASIA   11  (1.2%)   6  (1.4%)   5  (1.2%)
  LEGG-CALVE PERTHES   7  (0.8%)   5  (1.1%)   2  (0.5%)
  SPONDYLOSIS