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Official Standard of the Cairn TerrierCairn Terrier Breed Standard

General Appearance

That of an active, game, hardy, small working terrier of the short-legged class; very free in its movements, strongly but not heavily built, standing well forward on its forelegs, deep in the ribs, well coupled with strong hindquarters and presenting a wellproportioned build with a medium length of back, having a hard, weather-resisting coat; head shorter and wider than any other terrier and well furnished with hair giving a general foxy expression.

Head

Skull - Broad in proportion to length with a decided stop and well furnished with hair on the top of the head, which may be somewhat softer than the body coat. Muzzle - Strong but not too long or heavy. Teeth-Large, mouth neither overshot nor undershot. Nose - Black. Eyes - Set wide apart, rather sunken, with shaggy eyebrows, medium in size, hazel or dark hazel in color, depending on body color, with a keen terrier expression. Ears - Small, pointed, well carried erectly, set wide apart on the side of the head. Free from long hairs.

Tail

In proportion to head, well furnished with hair but not feathery. Carried gaily but must not curl over back. Set on at back level.

Body

Well-muscled, strong, active body with well-sprung, deep ribs, coupled to strong hindquarters, with a level back of medium length, giving an impression of strength and activity without heaviness.

Shoulders, Legs and Feet

A sloping shoulder, medium length of leg, good but not too heavy bone; forelegs should not be out at elbows, and be perfectly straight, but forefeet may be slightly turned out. Forefeet larger than hind feet. Legs must be covered with hard hair. Pads should be thick and strong and dog should stand well up on its feet.

Coat

Hard and weather-resistant. Must be double-coated with profuse harsh outer coat and short, soft, close furry undercoat.

Color

May be of any color except white. Dark ears, muzzle and tail tip are desirable.

Ideal Size

Involves the weight, the height at the withers and the length of body. Weight for bitches, 13 pounds; for dogs, 14 pounds. Height at the withers - bitches, 9½ inches; dogs, 10 inches. Length of body from 14¼ to 15 inches from the front of the chest to back of hindquarters. The dog must be of balanced proportions and appear neither leggy nor too low to ground; and neither too short nor too long in body. Weight and measurements are for matured dogs at two years of age. Older dogs may weigh slightly in excess and growing dogs may be under these weights and measurements.

Condition

Dogs should be shown in good hard flesh, well muscled and neither too fat or thin. Should be in full good coat with plenty of head furnishings, be clean, combed, brushed and tidied up on ears, tail, feet and general outline. Should move freely and easily on a loose lead, should not cringe on being handled, should stand up on their toes and show with marked terrier characteristics.

Faults

1. Skull - Too narrow in skull. 2. Muzzle - Too long and heavy a foreface; mouth overshot or  undershot. 3. Eyes - Too large, prominent, yellow, and ringed are all objectionable. 4. Ears - Too large, round at points, set too close together, set too high on the head; heavily covered with hair. 5. Legs and Feet - Too light or too heavy bone. Crooked forelegs or out at elbow. Thin, ferrety feet; feet let down on the heel or too open and spread. Too high or too low on the leg. 6. Body - Too short back and compact a body, hampering quickness of movement and turning ability. Too long, weedy and snaky a body, giving an impression of weakness. Tail set on too low. Back not level. 7. Coat - Open coats, blousy coats, too short or dead coats, lack of sufficient undercoat, lack of head furnishings, lack of hard hair on the legs. Silkiness or curliness. A slight wave permissible. 8. Nose - Flesh or light-colored nose. 9. Color - White on chest, feet or other parts of body.

Approved May 10, 1938

Special Links

Click Here to see required genetic breed tests for dog breeds beginning with the letter C.

Click Here to Learn about breeder background checks on Cairn Terrier breeders if you are looking for Cairn Terrier puppies for sale.

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Click Here to see if a breeder you are communicating with is on our Kennel or Breeder Warning List Right Now.

NOTICE: DO NOT ASSUME THE BREEDER YOU MAY BE DEALING WITH IS AN ETHICAL BREEDER BECAUSE YOU DO NOT FIND THEM ON THIS LIST!

Click Here to order a Breeder or Kennel Background Check on Cairn Terrier Breeders that may have Cairn Terrier puppies for sale.

Click here to find the national breed club for Cairn Terrier puppies for sale.

NOTICE: DO NOT ASSUME BREEDERS ASSOCIATED WITH A NATIONAL BREED CLUB ARE ETHICAL BREEDERS BECAUSE MANY ARE NOT!

Click Here to purchase a list of approved ResearchBreeder.com Cairn Terrier Breeders who have Cairn Terrier puppies for sale.